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Brittany (Bretagne)

History

The Breton peninsula was part of the major area of Celtic influence around 200 BC. After 49 BC, it became part of the Roman province of Gallia and when this was divided into three, was included in one of the Imperial provinces, Lugdunensis. After Roman authority weakened, Gaul was overrun by the Huns but they withdrew after the battle of the Catalaunian fields in 451. During this time, the area was being settled by Britons from across the channel who gave it its modern name. Through their influence, part of Brittany or Less Britain was under the Celtic church and the rest remained Roman Catholic like the rest of Gaul (France). The term 'Great' Britain comes from the time during the early medieval period when the two countries had such close ties that Brittany was known as 'Less' Britain but the area is now part of France.

Brittany was never entirely part of the Frankish Empire although it lost land in the reorganisation of the Breton March in 811. From about 844-940, it was a centre of Viking activity. It was claimed as part of the Angevin empire of the Norman kings of England from 1326 and was the Duchy of Brittany until it was annexed by the French in 1491.

Breton Names

Breton is a Celtic language and is still spoken although not usually as the speaker's sole language. In 1803, a law was passed in France which restricted the choice of names to those of saints or figures from ancient history. Biblical names have been freely allowed for a long while and in the C20th a wider range of names became acceptable and old Celtic Breton names began to return. There have been court battles over some of the more unusual names chosen by Breton nationalists although some have become well-established. Many of the names listed are those of early Celtic saints who may have come originally from England or Ireland. Others are forms of Biblical names found in the Breton calendar of saints’ feast days.

Breton Leaders

Name

Date

   
Nomenoe C 826    
Erispoe C 851 son of Nomenoe  
Conan -992    

Breton Names

Male

Adeodat Ado Ael Aelig Agnan, Aignan Alar, Aler, Alarig, Alerig
Alban, Albin Albinig Alèthe Alinoé Allore, Alor Alunoc
Andoche Andreo, Andrev Annaeg, Annaog Aodrenig Aofred Aoperzh
Aostin Argan Argantael Armanz Armel Arneg
Artus Arzhael, Arzhel, Arzhul, Arzhvael, Arzhaelig, Arzhelig, Arzhulig Arzhur, Arzhurig Aube, Aubin Audren, Aodren Ave, Avel, Avelig
Avielour Avran Awen, Awenig Aza, Azaf Balae Bastian
Beda Benead Benedig, Binidig Bennigan Benniged, Benniget Berac'h
Berin Bernez Bernian Bertele Beuno Beuzec, Beuzeg
Beuzegig Bi Biavili Bieuzi Bili Binig
Blaez, Bleiz, Blez, Bleizig, Bleizou Bozael, Bozel Bozian Brec'han Brelivet Brendanig
Breval, Brewal, Brivael, Brivel, Brevala, Brevalaer, Brevaler, Brevalan, Brewalan Brevara, Brewen Briac, Briag, Brieg, Brieuc, Brioc, Briog Briagenn Brian Briegig, Briegou
Brior Briunal Briz Bron Budeaux, Budig, Budoc, Budog, Bodeg, Bozeg Cado, Cadoc, Cadou, Caio
Caradec, Carantec Catman Cerialtanus Charlez, Charlig, Charlou Cheun Coemgen
Collas Colledoc Conan Congard Conhoiarn Conmore
Conog, Conogan Convarch Corentin Cornely Cyran Dagan
Darry Deklan Deniel, Denielig Denig Denoel, Denoelig Derog
Derrien Devan, Davin, Devi, Dewi, Divi Dic'hil Dider Dinan Dogmael, Dogmeel, Dogvael
Donald Donan, Donnan Donasian, Donatien Dozhwal Drenig Drenwal
Drev Edern, Edernig Edwin Efflam, Efflamm, Eflamm, Efflammig, Eflammig Eginer Ehoarn, Ehouarn
Elar, Eler, Elarig, Elerig Eleiran Elen Eliaz, Eliez Elid Elorn
Elouan, Elouen Elvin Emeran Emeri Emilion Eneour
Enna, Enni Enogad, Enogat Enored Envel Eo Eozen, Eozenig, Eozenou
Ergad, Ergat Erispoë Erlé Ernin Erwan, Erwanig Eudon, Euzen
Evan, Even, Evon, Ewan, Ewen, Evarzheg Evemer Ever Ewin, Ewinus Ezvin
Faelan Faizh Fanch Fiac, Fiakr Fieg Filberzh
Fili, Filis Finbar Fingar Finian, Finnian Flann Fleg
Follan Foreannan Fragan Frañcez, Frañch, Frañsa, Fransez Friard Gael, Gail
Gallwell Garmon Garvan, Gauen, Gavin Gevrog Gildas, Jildaz Gilduen, Gilduin
Gilles Glaoda Glen Goal Gobrian, Gobrien Goezian, Gozien
Goneri, Gonery Gorun, Gouron Gothian Goual Gouenou, Gouesnou, Goueznou Goulchan, Goulchen
Gouloz Goulven, Goulwen Gourzelv Goustan Govran, Govrian Gralon
Gudwal Guen Guenegan, Gwenegan Guennolé, Guenolé, Gwenael, Gwenole, Winwaloe? Winnol Guenou, Guinoux Guethenoc
Guigner Guihen Guirec, Gireg Guiscard Gulchien Gulian
Guntiern Gurguy Gurval Gurvan Guyomard, Wiuhomarch Gwalon
Gwazeg Gweltaz Gwendal Gwengalon Gwenneg, Winog, Winnog Gwennin
Gweteonoc Gwezheneg, Gwezhenneg Gwier Gwihen Gwilherm Gwilleu
Gwinian Gwinier Gwion Gwithian Gwyddno, Goueznou Gwythian
Haelmoren Hegareg Helier Henog Herblon Herbod, Herbot
Herle Hermeland Herve, Haerveu, Herveig Hildutus Hoel Hoernbiu
Hoiernin, Hernin Houardon Houarn, Harn Houarvian, Harvian Iduned, Izuned Ie
Ifig Ilan Illec Iltud Iudmoren Ivi, Ivo, Ivon
Izold Jacme Jacut Jagu, Jegu Jak, Jakez Jaoua, Jaouen, Jaoven
Jaume, Jalm Jelvestr Jezekael, Jezekel Jili Joavan, Joeva, Joevin Job
Jodoc, Iodoc Judoc, Judog Jord Jos, Josse Josselin Jozeb Jud
Judicael, Judikael Juhel, Johel, Yuz, Yuzel Juluan Juvad Kadec, Kadeg Kado
Kadvalaer Kaie Kaou, Kaour Kaourantin, Kaourintin Karadeg, Karanteg, Karenteg Kare
Karneg Kast Ke Kelig Kemo Kenan
Kenelm Kenerin Kenider Kentigern, Kendiern Kerrian, Karan, Keriane Keverne, Kavan
Kieran Kilian, Kilien Kireg Kirill Klaoda Kleden
Kler Kolaz Kolen Kolomban Komgall, Kongal Konan
Koneg Kongar Konhouarn Konneg Konogan Konvarch
Konvoion Konwal Konwen Korneli Koulfinid Kouli
Koulman Koulmkell Kristan, Kristen, Kristian Laduenan, Laouenan Lan Lanig
Leonor Leri, Lery Levan Loeiz, Loic, Loig Lorañs, Louri Louarn
Loudiern Lukaz Lunaire Lunen Luner Machutus
Maclou Maden Madoc, Madeg Mae Maeg Mael, Meal, Mel
Maeleg Maelvon Magloire Maheu Majan Malo
Malor Maodez Maogad Maoran Marchan Marzin
Matelin Mateo Matronus Mauded, Maudez Maugan Maulde
Mautith Maze, Mazhev Meen Melaine, Melan Melar Melen, Melin
Melguen Melio Meloar, Meloir, Melor Meogon Meriadeg, Meriadoc Merin, Merryn
Meven, Mewen Mikael, Mikêl Milian, Million Miliau, Milio Modan Modez
Moe, Moi, Mwy Mollien Molv Mordiern Morvan, Moran Morvred
Nazer Nedeleg Neven, Nevenou Neventer Nikolaz, Nikolazig Nin, Ninn
Ninian Nioreg Olîer Onen Ou Oudoceus, Odoceus
Pabu Padarn, Padern, Patern Padrig Paol, Pol, Paolig Pasker Per, Pèr, Pêr
Peran, Pieran, Pierrick Pereg, Perez, Perig Pergad Pever Primael, Primel Privael, Privel
Quay Riagad Rieg, Rioc Riothamus Riowen Rivoare
Rivold Riwal, Riwall, Riwallan, Riwelen Riwan, Riwanon Rog Rogasian, Rogatien Ronan
Roparzh, Roperh Ruaud Ruvon Saig Salaun, Salaün Salomon
Samzun Sane Santig Segal Segondel, Sekondel Selyf
Senan Senour Servan Seva, Seve Sezni, Sezny Sieg
Similien Sklaer Soa, Soaig Solen Stefan, Stevan Suliag, Sulian, Suliau, Sulien, Sulio
Tangi, Tanguy Tegoneg Tei Teliau, Telo, Théliau, Thélo Tenedor, Tinidor Tenenan
Theoren Tierneg Tiernvael Tin, Tina, Tinaig Tininor Tirizhian
Tivizio Toel, Tual Tomaz Tonan Tremeur Treveur
Tudec, Tudeg, Tudi, Tudy Tugdual, Tudal, Tugal Tugen, Tujan, Tujen Tunio, Tuno Turiau, Turien, Turio Unolaus
Urfol Urien Uuel Uuican Vial, Viau Visant
Vital Von, Vann Vonig, Venec Vougay Wrmonoc Yan, Yann, Yanni, Yannic, Yannick, Yannig, Yannou
Yeun, Youn, Yun, Youenn Yugonvarc'h Yungourian      

Female

Aamor Adenor Adenora Aela Aelaig Aelez
Aelezig Aelig Aenor Agata Agiol Ahez
Alana Alanez Alara Albina Albinenn Alera
Alienor Alis Almeda Alwena Amelle Ana
Anaique Andréa Andreva Annaig Annick Annig
Antoneta Aoda Aodez Aodrena Aodrenell Aouregan
Aouregen Aouregon Aouregwenn Aourell Aourellig Aourgen
Archantael Archantel Argantael Argantel Argentael Armel
Armela Arzela Arzhel Arzhela Arzhelenn Arzhelez
Arzhula Arzhulenn Arzhura Arzhurenn Arzhvael Arzhvaelig
Audrey Avela Aven Avenie Awen Awena
Azenor Azenora Azenorig Azilis Aziliz Azvent
Barba Barban Beatriz Bél Bélig Berched
Berhed Bernadeta Bleuenn Bleunienn Bleunvenn Bleuzenn
Brec'hed Brewalen Burian Chan Clair Dahud
Dalerc'ha Deklan Delfina Deneza Deniela Derwell
Dim Dogmaela Dunvael Eflez Elen Elena
Elesbed Elizabed Emmanuela Enora Erell Ermengarde
Erwanez Eryl Essylt Euriel Eurielle Eved
Ewaned Fanchon Franseza Fransoez Gaelle Gladez
Glannon Guenaèlle Gwendolina Gwengunv Gwengustle Gwenlaouen
Gwenlev Gwenn Gwenna Gwennaig Gwenola Gwenvred
Gwerborc'h Gwilhamet Haude Heodez Hoel Ivona
Izabel Izold Jan Janed Janig Jenovefa
Jermana Joela Josefa Jutwara Kanna Karadeg
Karel Karolina Katarin Katell Kennoc’ha Keridwen
Kinnie Klaoda Klara Klervia Klervie Klerwi
Klodina Koleta Koulm Koulmia Koulmig Koupaia
Krestell Kristell Kristenn Kristina Laig Lanwenn
Laora Laorans Lavena Lena Lenaig Levenez
Lezig Libouban Lila Liza Lizig Loeiza
Lupita Lusia Madalen Madenn Maela Maelduina
Maiwenn Marcharid Margeit Mari Maria Marianig
Mariig Marivona Marivonig Marzina Melle Mevanwi
Mikaela Mon Mona Morgan Morgana Morgane
Morganez Morised Morna Morvanez Morwenna Naig
Nennok Ninnoc Ninnog Ninog Noella Noluenn
Nolwenn Nonn Nonna Norig Noyala Noyale
Oanez Onenn Ozvan Padriga Paola Paolina
Paskella Peronell Pezen Piala Renea Rivanon
Riwanon Rozenn Ruvonenn Sennin Sev Sidwell
Sisilia Sklerijenn Soaz Soazig Solena Sterenn
Tedvil Tekla Tirid Trifin Trifina Trifine
Tudon Tunvez Uriel Uriell Veronika Vinvella
Viviana Vouga Yaouank Youna Yulizh Yuna
Yuveot          

Breton Surnames

Codoc d'Avennes de Rais Menguy Nicolayic Tanguy

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