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Belgium/La Belgique

Capital : Brussels/Bruxelles

Size: 11 800 sq m Popn: 9 998 000

Provinces

Flemish (Dutch names first)

West Vlaanderen (Flandre Occidentale), Oost Vlaanderen (Flandre Orientale), Antwerpen (Anvers), Limburg (Limbourg), Vlaams Brabant (Brabant Flamand)

Walloon (French names first)

Lie'ge (Luik), Luxembourg (Luxemburg), Namur (Namen), Hainaut (Henegouwen), Brabant Wallon (Waals Brabant)

History

The area now known as Belgium was on the edge of the area of major Celtic settlement, with the first recorded inhabitants a Celtic people, the Belgae. As the Celts to the west and the Germanic tribes to the east expanded, it appears from place-names that the people living there at that time were remnants of a pre-historic people belonging to neither group who were being squashed between them. The territory became part of the Roman province of Gallia in 49 BC and in BC 15, it became one of the Imperial Provinces as Belgica. From the C3rd AD, it was overrun by Germanic tribes and after the Fall of Rome, became incorporated into the Frankish Empire as part of the area called Austrasia. Under Charlemagne, it became the centre of the Carolingian Empire and towns such as Ghent, Bruges and Brussels developed. When Charlemagne's empire was divided in 843, the area became part of Lotharingia.

During the C9th and C10th, the northern coast escaped the major raids of the Magyars from Eastern Europe but was under attack from the Vikings of Denmark who also made settlements there. By the C11th, seven feudal states had formed: the counties of Flanders, Hainaut and Namur, the duchies of Brabant, Limburg and Luxembourg and the bishopric of LiÀ ge, which were all nominally subject to the French kings or the German emperor but were independent in practice. The economy flourished in the C12th and Bruges, Ghent and Ypres became centres of the textile industry, while Dinant and LiÀ ges exploited copper and tin deposits in the Meuse valley. As the French kings began to become more powerful, territory came under their control. Hainaut was added to the French lands by 1314 but Brabant was part of the Holy Roman Empire. Later in the C14th, the rapidly expanding Duchy of Burgundy acquired Flanders (1384) and there were rural uprisings in Ghent. Flanders became an important centre for textile production, and the main town, Bruges, had a 'kontore' of the powerful merchant society, the Hansa.

Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was killed in battle in 1477 when he was only a few miles short of achieving his aim of joining his southern and northern lands. The duchy was partitioned, with France acquiring some of the western part of territory that is now Belgium and the rest coming under the control of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V, when it was known as the Spanish Netherlands and governed from Madrid from 1555-1700. During the C16th, the religious and secular tyranny of Philip II led to the Netherlands Revolt. In 1648, the independence of the Dutch Republic was recognized but the south was reconquered by Spain. During the late C17th, part of the country was taken by France during the War of Devolution but lost again. A treaty of partition granted the lands to an Austrian archduke in return for Spanish possessions in Italy. The area was governed from Vienna as the Austrian Netherlands from 1700-95 but was again annexed by France in 1792 during the revolutionary period. The Low Countries or Netherlands were divided into three, the present Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the Congress of Vienna reunited the North and South Netherlands as one kingdom under William, King of Orange-Nassau. Historical and linguistic differences made it an uneasy union. There was an uprising amongst the largely French-speaking people of the south in 1830 and continuing disturbances led to the Great Power's recognition of the South Netherlands as the independent and permanently neutral kingdom of Belgium, under Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, and a parliamentary constitution was adopted.

Although Prussia had agreed to the treaty recognizing Belgium's neutrality, the kingdom was invaded by Germany in 1914, during the First World War and most of the country was occupied until 1918. After the war, Belgium gained further territory, including the Rhineland, and the Treaty of Locarno established guarantees along the French-German and Belgian-German frontiers. Germany re-occupied the Rhineland in 1936 and Leopold III surrendered when it overran Belgium in 1940. The government escaped to London and a strong resistance movement developed. Leopold's decision to remain in the country during the occupation caused controversy after Belgium was liberated by the Allies in 1944-5 and he abdicated in favour of his son, Baudouin, in 1951.

The prime minister, Leo Tindemans, leader of the Christian Social Party (CVP), resigned in 1978 and was replaced by Wilfried Martens, who had formed four coalition governments by 1980. The new coalition of 1981 under CVP leader Mark Eyskens failed after less than a year and Martens returned to power. Economic difficulties in 1981-2 led to a series of strikes in the public sector but Martens and the various coalitions retained power until January 1992. With the government on the point of collapse, King Albert asked deputy prime minister Jean-Luc Dehaene of the CVP to form a new coalition. It was created in March 1991 and consisted of the main centre-left parties.

Belgium was a founding member of the Benelux Economic Union in 1948, the Council of Europe in 1949 and the European Economic Community in 1957. The capital, Brussels, is the headquarters of NATO and the European Parliament, governing body of the European Community. In 1983-5, there was much debate over whether to allow US cruise missiles to be sited in the country but eventually there was a majority vote in favour in parliament.

The population is 40% French speaking Walloons (in the south), 60% Dutch speaking Flemings (to the north), with around 200 000 German speakers to the east. Flanders is predominantly conservative and Wallonia mainly socialist which widens the divisions between the two groups. In an attempt to improve relations, greater power was transferred to the regions in 1971-3, German-speakers were included in the cabinet and parliament was equally divided between the main languages. Separate regional councils and ministerial committees were set up in 1974 but in 1980, the language conflict escalated into open violence. It was agreed that Flanders and Wallonia should have separate regional assemblies with the power to decide how to spend up to 10% of the national budget, and Brussels was to be governed by a three member executive. The government came under further threat from linguistic divisions in 1983 and in 1992, agreed to introduce a federal system.

Rulers of Belgium

Counts of Flanders

Name Reign Family Spouse
Baldwin I c 863 son of Charles the Bald of France  
Baldwin II      
Arnold I 918-65    
Baldwin III      
Baldwin IV 988-1035   1 Ogiva, dau Frederick of Ardenne

2 Eleanor dau Richard II, Normandy

Baldwin V 1035-67 son of Baldwin IV Adela, dau Robert II of France
Baldwin VI 1067-70 son of Baldwin V Richidis, widow of Herman of Brabant
Arnold III the Unfortunate 1070-1 son of Baldwin VI  
Robert I (the Frisian) 1071-93 son of Baldwin V Gertrude, dau Bernard of Saxony
Robert II (of Jerusalem) 1093-1111 son of Robert I  
Baldwin VII 1111-9 son of Robert II  
Charles 1120-7 son of Adela, dau Robert I, + St Cnut of Denmark  
William Clito 1127-8 son of Robert of Normandy  
       
Margaret II -1280    
Guy of Dampierre 1280-1305 son of Margaret II  
Robert 1305-22 son of Guy  
       
Louis de Maele -1384    
Philip the Bold 1384-1404 son in law of Louis  

Kings of Belgium

Name Reign Family Spouse
Leopold I 1831-65 son of Francis of Saxe-Coburg + uncle of Victoria of England 1 Charlotte, daughter of George IV of England

2 Louise, daughter of Louis Philippe of France

Leopold II 1865-1909 son of Leopold I  
Albert I 1909-34 nephew of Leopold II  
Leopold III 1934-51 abd son of Leopold II  
Baudouin/Boudewijn 1951-9 son of Leopold III Fabiola de Mora y Aragon

Belgian Names

The country is made up of two separate cultures, the Flemings to the north and the Walloons to the south. Flemish, a dialect of Dutch, is spoken in northern Belgium and the Walloons, although they do have their own language, use French for official purposes. Latin names are often considered to be of French origin, and little distinction is made between names of Flemish, Walloon, Dutch, French, German, Low German, English or Saxon origin.

Flanders was one of the richest parts of Europe and many other countries wanted to gain control of it, especially France. Successive occupying governments weakened the economy and by the C19th it was one of the poorest areas in Europe. The territories of the County of Flanders are now divided between Belgium, France and the Netherlands. Flanders, incuding part of the Duchy of Brabant and the Principality of Liege, has partial independence within the Belgian federal state. There are about six million inhabitants whose first language is Dutch or Flemish.

Biblical names were always common although these often took local forms. For instance, Adam became Adaem or Daem in daily use although written records retained the original form. From 1564-1796, these were kept in Latin. After this date, Latin, Dutch or French forms could be used. Latin forms were not used in speech. Somebody registered as 'Petrus Dominicus' was known as 'Pietermien', a contracted form of 'Pieter Domien'.

There was no standardised system of spelling in Middle Dutch so many variations occurred. Common ones include: replacing a double vowel by a single vowel + e (Bossaard/Bossaerd) 'd' instead of 't' at the end of a word (Arend/Arent) y instead of 'i' (Francois/Francoys). Diminutive include forms, the endings '-kin' (Germanic form) and '-quin' (French form).

Cognates

Latin Dutch French Local (archaic) Local (modern) Franciscus
Frans Francois Sooi, Sus Frans, Francois Joannes Jan
Jean Jan, Wannes Jan, Johan Egidius Gillis Gilles
Gilles Gilles Thomas Thomas Thomas Maes
Thomas Josephus Josef Joseph Jef Jo, Jozef
Petrus Pieter Pierre Pier, Pieter Pierre, Pieter Balduinus
Boudewijn Baudouin Judocus Joos Ludovicus Lodewijk
Louis          

Pronounciation

The letters 'ij', 'y' and 'i' are virtually interchangeable in spellings. The 'ij' or 'y' is a long, soft form of 'i'. The element 'lie' would be pronounced 'lee' and 'j' is equivalent to the English 'y' with the name Jan being pronounced 'Yan'.

Flemish Names of Germanic Origin

Although many of these names are still in use, most of the alternative spellings are archaic forms.

Male

Given name and variants Diminutives English form
Adolf    
Alaard Alaerd Alart Alaert Aelkin  
Albertus Bertin Albert
Alfred    
Alphons Alphonse
Amelrik    
Anselm Anskin Ansel Anseel Anceel Anselot  
Arnoud Aernoud Harnout Arend Arent Aernekin Arnekin Ernoul Arnold
Baltin    
Basin    
Bavo    
Bellin Baerlin Bellekin  
Benien Boenin    
Bernardus Bernaard Bernaerdt Barnart Beirnaert, Bernaert Bernekin Bernardin Berrekin Bernard
Bertholf    
Bollin    
Bossaard Bossaerd Bossaert Bussaert Boussaert Boissaert Bossin Bussin  
Boudewijn Boudin Bouden Bauduin Boidin Boudekin Baldwin
Brandaen    
Burchard Bossin Bossaert Bussin  
Carolus Karel   Charles
Coenraad Coenraed Coenraert Cert Conrad
Cratin    
Dalin    
Deinoet    
Dibboud Dibbout -  
Diederijc Diederik Diederic Dierkin Dierin Dierlay Tyerman ThielmanDieric Derek
Dirman    
Divan    
Doeyen    
Edgard   Edgar
Eduard Edward Edouart   Edward
Egbrecht    
Ernous Ernoulet  
Everaard Everart   Everard
Fainsequin    
Ferdinand    
Fernaguut    
Fierabras    
Fredrik   Frederick
Galant Galein Galiot    
Garin    
Gayfeer    
Geldolf Gildolf Gidolf Ghildekin  
Gerardus Geraard Gerrard Gheeraert Gheenkin Gheenin Gheene Gheentkin Grart Gheerkin Gerard
Gherbod    
Gijzelbrecht Ghyselbrecht Ghiselbrecht Ghyselin Ghys Ghijs Gilbertus Gillebert Ghilbert Guillebert Gilbert
Gislenis Ghilain Gelein Leen Lein OG gisil pledge
Godevaard Godevert Godevaert Godefroy Juffroet Joffroit Joffroot Godfrey
Gossin Goswijn Goessin Goeskin Goossaert  
Griffon Griffoen    
Guido Guydo Ghuy Ghy Guy
Gustaaf Gustave Gust Gustav
Hedelm    
Heillaard Heyllaerd Eylaert    
Heldecop    
Hendrik Heinric Heinderic Heynric Heyn Heyne Heynkin Heinkin Henri; Hein Heynri Heykin Hainkin Henry
Herman    
Hovin    
Hubrecht Hubrecht Huubeert Beert Beertkin Hubert
Hughe Huge Hughe Huug   Hugh
Inghelbert    
Ingelram Inghelram Ingheram Ingel Inghel Inghelkin Ingram
Isewin    
Ivo    
Jorinborch    
Juffroit Guffrot Giffriot   Geoffrey
Lambrecht Lam Lamme Lamsin Lambsin Lammin Lammekin Lambert
Leonardus   Leonard
Leopold Leopoldus    
Lessin Leskin  
Letard    
Liebard    
Lieven Lievin    
Ligier    
Lippin    
Loderik Lodewijk Lodewijc Lodewic Lodin Loddin Lodekin Loy Louis
Lotin    
Maeylin    
Malabert Malijn  
Meewels Meeuwels Meuwelkin  
Moddaard Moddaert    
Moen    
Moreel    
Obrecht Obert    
Ogier    
Olivier Oluvier Fierin Fierkin Oliver
Oste Ostkin Osto  
Paridaan    
Raas Rase Raes Raesse Rasse Raso  
Radolf    
Ramaar Ramaer Ramoud    
Reinhout Renaut Renaud, Reinout   Reynold/Ranald
Reinier Reynier Reynierkin Rein Reinkin Reyn Reynkin Rainer
Reinuwaard Reynuwaert    
Richier Rijkaard Rike Rique Rycke Riquaerd Rijcqaert Rijcxkin Rikewin Richard
Ringoet    
Robrecht Robert Robbert Robbiert Robbin Robin Robbekin Berre Rubbin Robert
Roeland Roelant Roellant Roel Roelkin Rollequin Roelquin Roelin  
Roelof Loffin Rolf
Roger Rugger Rugge Ruggekin Roegekin Roeger Rogier  
Romboud Rombout    
Rufelaard Rufflaert Ruufelart Ruffelin  
Seger Segher Zeger Zegher Zegerkin Zegherkin Zeghelin  
Segewin Saywin    
Soikin    
Tancard   Tancred
Terin Torin Torre Thorin Torrekin Thoerin  
Tierkin Tierequin  
Vaast   Lat Vedastus from OG Widogast
Valin    
Vrombout    
Walewein Waleweyn Wallewein Walewain Walwain Weynin Wallin Walwin
Wierner   Ger. Werner
Willem Will Willekin Willay Willemet William
Wizo    
Woitin Wetin Watron    
Wolfaerd Wulfaert Wulf  
Wouter Wauter Weytkin Weitkin Wijtkin Weytin Weitin Wouterkin Woutin Walter
Zoetaard Zoetaerd    

Female

Given name and variants Diminutives English forms
Adele Adelie Adelise Adelyse Adela
Alberta Berte  
Alice Alijse Alise Aleit Aleyt Lijskin Adelice Lise  
Amelberga Amelberge Amel Amelberch  
Avesoete Avezoete Avezote Ave  
Barteline Bate  
Emma Emme Imme Ime    
Evalina   Evelyn
Fien Fine    
Geete Gheete Gheetkin  
Geile Geille Gheylle Gheyle, Gheila Gheile Ghila    
Gerardijnne Gheeraerdijnne   Geraldine
Gertrud Gertrude Geertruut Geertruyd Gheertrude Truude Trude  
Gillebijnne Ghillebijne Ghillebijnnie    
Gisele Ghisele Heile Heille  
Griele Greelle Grielkin Grilequin  
Hadewych Adewijf Adiewijf    
Heilewid Heilwid Heile  
Heilsoete Heelsote Heyzoete    
Ida Ide Yde Ydekin Dyde  
Jelijnne Jelynne Lynne  
Joossijnne Joossine Joossijnne Joossijnkin Joessinkin  
Lote Loets Loete Loette Loetkin Loetquin  
Mathildis Machtild Machtilt Matte Matkin Matilda
Maye Maeyken  
Mazijne Mazinkin  
Mijnne Mijnkin Minekin Minna
Reinewid Reiwid Renilde    
Soete Zoete Zoetin Soetin Zoetkin  
Veerle   (OG Farahilda)
Versa Verse Versene Verswend Verswind  
Wilhelmina Willemijnne Wilgemine Wilgemijnne Wilgemijnkin Willemine Mine Williamina
Zwane Zwaenkin    

Alardijne Alida Alswend Amelia Assette Avine
Baerte Bloeme Blondina Brama Clodall Clotiel
Diedele Diedeware Ermentrud Flandrine Galmine Genola
Godele Helswend Herlewic Hildegard Hilla Julma
Kersteloete Lelie Lente Lie Liegaert Line
Ludovica Marse Maserine Mersoete Moddarde Ogene
Pharailde Volke Wivina Ymsoete    

Flemish names of Biblical Origin

Male

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English form if different
Abel    
Absalon Axel   Absalom
Adam Adaem Adaemkin Daem Daemkin  
Andreas Andries Andrieu Andriesekin Dries Driex Driezekin Andrew
Bartholomeus Bertholomeeus Berthelmeeus Meeus Meues Meeuls Meus Bartholomew
Reubin Robbais Reuben
Christianus Kerstiaen Kerstiaenkin Kersteloet Crestien Costin Christian
Christophorus Stoffel Stoffelkin  
Daniel Daneel Danneel Danyel Danin Daenkin  
David Davit -  
Elias Eliaes Elyaes    
Ephraïm Effrem    
Gabriel Gabryel Gabryelkin  
Isaac    
Jacobus Jacob Jacop Jaque   Jacob
Jacomus Coppin Copkin Jaquemaert Jaquemard Jacot Jaquemijn James
Jan Joannes Johannes Han Hanne Hannekin Hinnekin Jannin Jehan Jhan Hanneken Hannen Hannijn John
Josephus Jozef Joesop   Joseph
Lucas Luc Luuc Luucxkin Luke
Marcus Maere Marc Maerc Mark
Mathias Mathijs Mattheus Matheeus Mahieu Mathijsekin Thijs Tijs Thijsekin Theeukin Theewsekin Theeusekin Theeus Matthew
Michael Michiel Michielkin Macheel Michaut  
Paschalis Paesscharis Paesschier Paesschierkin Paessin Paesschijn Paesschaert Paschal (Easter)
Pauel Paulus Pauwels Pauwel Pauwelin Pauwelkin Paul
Petrus Pieter Pietre Pieterkin Pieraert Pierart Pieret Pierer Peter
Seraphinus   'seraphim'
Simon Simoen Symoen Moenkin Moenin  
Stephanus Stevin Steppe Stevenaerd Stephen
Thomas Thomaes Maes Mas Masekin  

Female

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English form if different
Anna Anne Nanne Nannekin Nannequin  
Elisabeth Illesabet Lijsbeth Lijsbette Lijse Lise Elisa Els Lijsbette Bette Betkin Beetkin Lysbelle Lijsbeelle Elizabeth
Eve Yeve    
Isabele Ysabele Ysabel Beelle Beelkin  
Jacoba Jaquemijnne Jaquemine Jaquemijnkin Mijnne Mijnkin Jacomine  
Joanna Johanna Jane Jaenne Jehane Jaenkin Haenkin Hannette Annette Joete  
Josepha    
Juta Juette Jute Jude Jueta Judith
Magdalena, Marleen Maesleenne Mazeleenne Maseleene Masleenne Leenne Leene Magdalene
Maria Marie Maerrie Maeykin Maikin Maeye Maerkin Marikin Mary
Sara Sare Saerkin Sarekin Sarah
Steffenie Stephania    

Flemish Names of Latin Origin

Male

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English Form
Amandus Amant Mant Mantin  
Anthonius Anthonis Anthonne Thonis Theunis Anthony
Augustien Augustinus Augustijn   Augustine
Blaes   Blaise
Brictius Brixis Brice Brike Brique Brycis - Brice
Clemens Clement Clementkin Clemmin Mentin Clement
Constantijn   Constantine
Cornelius Cornelis Neel Corne Cornekin Coerne Coernekin  
Désiré    
Dominicus   Dominic
Donaes Naes Donatus
Egidius Gillis Gillekin Gille Gillot Gilion Gillien Gillequin Giles
Eligius Elooi Loey Loy Loeykin Loykin Loyekin  
Emiel   Emil
Felicianus Felix Phelix Lix  
Florentinus Floreins Fleurkin Fleurin Floerquin  
Florimondus    
Francies Franciscus Fransicus Franco Frans Fransoys Francois Franskin Francequin Soi Sois Francis
Hilarius Laris Hilary
Kamiel, Camiel   Camille
Laurent Laurentius Lauwers Laukin Lauwereins Lauwereinskin Lauwerkin Lauweretkin Laureys Lauwereys Laurence
Martinus Maertin Martin Maertkin Martin
Mauritius Morissis   Maurice
Quirinus   Corin
Romanus Romein    
Servaes    
Severinus    
Venantius Venand    
Victor Toris Thoris Thoeris Toeris  
Vincentius Feinsin Fensin Feinse Fensis Feincin Feinskin Vincent
Vitalis    

Female

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English Form
Adriana    
Beatrijs Beatrise Beatrix Beatrisse Beatrijsse Trice Trijsse Trijskin Trissequin Bernijne Betrison Belle Bellekin Beele Bele Belie Beatrice
Christina Kerstijnne Kerstijnkin Kerstine Kestine Kerstinekin Christina
Clara Clare Claerkin Clare
Clementia Clemencien Clemme Clemmekin Clementina Klementina Clementine
Florentina Florina Floriane Fleure Fleur Florence
Francisca Fransin Fransinkin Frankine Frances
Julia Juliana Gilliane Gilline Julyaenne Juliane Julie
Leonia Leontina  
Livina Lievine Vyne Vynkin  
Lucia Lucie Luucien Lussie Lossie Lussia Lucy
Mabelie Belie Beyle Belikin Belykin Beliquin Beelekin Mabe Mabel
Martiana Maesiane Martianes  
Martina Maertijnne Maertine Maertijnkin Martha  
Paula Pauwelijnne Pauwelijnkin  
Petronella Peroene Paroenkin Perronekin Pirone Paroene Paroenkin  
Romaine Meynne Meinkin  
Rosalia Rosella    
Sancta Sente Sentkin  
Selie Celie Selikin Celia
Valentijnne Valentynne   Valentine
Virginie Verghine Vergine   Virginia

Amanda Angela Antonia Augusta Clarissie Cordula
Glorie Honorah Hortensia Justina Lauwerette Regina
Seraphina Sidonia Silvia Ursula Veneranda Vinciana
Violenta          

Flemish Names of Greek Origin

Male

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English form
Alexander Sander Sanderkin Sanders  
Aloysius Alois  
Ambrosius Breusin Ambrose
Appolonius Apelonis Ampelonis Loenis Lonis Loenkin Loonkin  
Cipriaen   Ciprian
Cyriel   Cyril
Damin Dam Damian
Dionysius Denys Denijs Nijs Denis
Eustachius Justaes Iustaes Ystaes Stasse Stesse Stassin Eustace
Georgius Joris Joeris Joerkin George
Hector Ector Torrin Torin  
Hieronymus Jeroen  
Isidoor   Isidore
Macharius Macharis    
Nicasius Nycasis Casis Casin Casekin  
Nicolaas Niklaas, Neel Claeis Clais Claeykin Colin Coelin Coellin Coelkin Colaerd Coellaert Nicholas
Philippus Philips Lippin Philip
Staes Staeskin Staskin Stassaert Cassaert Stasin Anastasius
Theodorius, Theodoor   Theodore
Theophiel Theophile Theophilus Theus  

Female

Given Name and Variants Diminutives English form
Agate Agatha Aghete Aechte  
Agneese Agnes Agnees Agneese Aneese Neese Neesekin Neette Nieskin Agnete Agniette Agnecon Nese Nete  
Alexandra Sandrine Sanderine Sanderijnkin  
Appolonia Pelueyne  
Barbara Baerbele Baerbelkin  
Basilia Baselikin Base Basekin  
Catharina Cateline Katelijne Kateline Katelyne Calle Callekin Kallekin Line Calotte Katherine
Colijne Colijnne Coellijnne Coline Coleta Colinkin Nicola
Delphina   Delphine
Dorothea   Dorothy
Eugenia    
Eustachia Ystazie Staeysekin  
Femie   Euphemia
Helena Elna Elie Leenkin Eleanor/Helen
Irena   Irene
Margarita Margriete Mergriete Mergriette Margot Grietkin Griel Grielle Griete Margaret
Melania   Melanie
Pelagia Pelagie    
Philomena    
Sibelie, Sebelie Sybeelge Billekin Sibillie  
Suffie   Sophie
Theresia Trise Theresa

Flemish Names of Celtic Origin

In medieval times, names taken from Arthurian legend became popular.

Male

Given name and Variants Diminutives English form
Artur Tuur Aert Arthur
Helinus Hellin Hellequin Helain
Iwein Ywein Yweinkin Weynkin Yeuwain Uwain
Judocus Joos Jois Joes Joeskin Jossaert

Breton Joyce

Lanceloot Lanseloet Lanseloot   Lancelot
Merlijn Merlin   Merlin
Percevaal Persevaal Perchevael Perche Pertse Pertskin Percival
Tristram Tryestram Tristan Triestan Tram Trammekin Tristan
Vivien   Vivian
Winocus Wihenoc Winnoc  

Breton

Stanislaus Stanny Slavic

Female

Given name and Variants Diminutives English form
Isolde Ysalde Ysoeie Yzoeye Zoeye Zoeykin Zoeytkin Isolde/Iseult

Belgian Surnames - Flemish

These are mostly of Flemish origin and are similar to those of the Netherlands.
Adriaenssens Andries Annaert
Apers Appelmans Arens
Assouline Audenaerde Audenaert
Backeljauw Baert Baetens
Barbieur Batens Batte
Baus Bauwens Bayens
Beck Beeldens Beirnaert
Biestman Bleyenberg Blommaert
Blommen Boel Boenne
Boeyhaert Boeykens Bogaert
Bollaert Bollens Bolsens
Bolsius Bolssens Boodts
Boon Boone Bordui
Boryn Bosman Braem
Brees Broeckaert Bruylant
Brys Bryssinck Buelens
Burghgraeve Burin Burm
Buys Buytaert Calens
Callaert Callens Camerier
Camerman Cant Cap
Cappaert Cappeart Cathoir
Claes Claessens Claeys
Claus Clessens Cleyman
Cleys Clijsters Cockelenberg
cohl Colpaert Coninx
Cools Coolssens Coppenol
Coppens Coppieters Cordemans
Cornet Daelman Daenis
Daens Danssaert De Beul
De Bilde De Bock de Boeck
De Both De Caluwaert De Keersmaeker
De Maere de Meeter De Mevius
De Mey De Neef De Roover
De Ryck De Schepper De Smedt
De Vooght De Waele De wilde
De Wilde Debacker Debaere
Debakker Debergé Debeukelaer
Debeule Debisschop Deblieck
Deblock Debock Deboey
Debot Debruyn Decaluwaert
Decaluwe Decauwer Deckers
Declark Decleene Decleir
Declerck Declercq Decock
Deconinck Deconserere Decook
Decraen Dedauw Dedecker
Dedobbelaer Dedycker Deflandre
Degeest Degols Dehert
Dehooge Dejaeck Dejonghe
Dekerf Dekever Delaet
Delannoy Delee Delsemme
Deluguerre Demaere Demaesschalck
Demaeyer Deman Demartelaere
Demeulenaer Demeuleneire Demeurichy
Demeyer Demol Demunck
Dens Denul Depaepe
Depoorter Depraeter Depuysselaer
Depuysseleyr Deridder Derock
Deroeck Deroover Derop
Desarthe Deschaepmeester Deschepper
Desmet Desutter Detonnelaere
Devael Deverman Devleeschouwer
Devogel Devos Devriendt
Dewaele Dewalsch Deweert
Dewilde Dewispelaere Dewit
Dewitte Dewreede Dewulf
Deyaert D'Haenens D'Hondt
D'Hooghe Didden Dielens
Dierickx Dobbelaer D'Olieslager
Donckers Droge Duerinckx
Dupon Durinck Eeckelaert
Elseneer Engels Erregeers
Felix Ferdinandus Fierens
Fiers Franck Franssens
Frissyn Fruytier Geert
Geldmeyer Gerdollendorf Gertodtenhaupt
Gevaert Gielen Gillis
Goddaert Goeman Goethals
Goosens Goossens Grandsaerd
Group Gyselinck Haeck
Hanssens Havelange Heirbaut
Heirman Heirwegh Hembrecht
Henderickx Hermans Herreman
Herreweghe Heyman Heyndrickx
Hillegeer Himbrecht Hoelebrand
Hoenaert Hoeykens Hoskens
Houziaux Huygens Impens
Ingels Jacobs Janssens
Jaspers Joos Joossens
Jungbloet Kaessens Kahan
Keersmaekers Kegels Kins
Kluskens Klysen Korsten
Lambrechts Lampers Lapierre
Lardenoit Laurens Laurentius
Laureys Lauwens Leekens
Lekens Lemmens Lerminie
Leyn Leys Leysen
Lisabeth Lockefeer Loef
Loens Lokermans Lorie
Lossie Lütz Madereel
Maes Malisse Malschaert
Maris Martens Mattens
Matthyssens Meerschaert Meersman
Mees Meessens Megroedt
Meinhut Meintjies Meirte
Melis Mellemans Melsen
Mercator Mercken Merckx
Mets Meul Meuleman
Meys Meyskens Michielssens
Middag Middelkamp Mingeroedt
Moens Moenssens Moerenhout
Moliekens Mortier Muel
Mul Naudts Neirinck
Nelis Nielandt Nijs
Nilis Nimmegeer Nonneman
Nuyts Nys Ongenae
Onghena Oosterling Opsomer
Palet Paling Palmkoek
Panis Passemier Pauwels
Peesmeesters Peeters Peirsman
Penne Penneman Persyn
Peters Phippaerts Picavet
Piersens Piessens Pieters
Pilaet Poppe Praet
Prevoost Provost Puylaert
Puymbroek Raes Reiss
Remy Renders Renkens
Reyns rochus Roeges
Roegiers Roels Rogiers
Rombaut Rooman Rooms
Rotthier Rottier Rouwens
Rutgeerts Ruthgeerts Ryckaert
Sack Santon Schaekers
Schaelles Schaillee Schaut
Scheerders Scheers Schefold
Schelfaut Schelfhout Scholliers
Schoonvliet Schroyens Schuerman
Scifo Segers Seghers
Serfontein Siebos Sleeuwaert
Slegers Sloss Smekens
Smet Smidts Snel
Snoeck Soetens Speckstadt
Speeck Speek Staelens
Staes Staessens Stals
Steibs Stevens Strobbens
Strylemans Stuer Suetens
Suy Swan Syx
Theunis Thielens Thielman
Thiry Thoen Thomas
Tilleman Tillens Tillis
Tillman Timmermans Triest
Truyens Vael Vaerewyck
Van Achte Van Acker Van Aelst
Van Aken Van Belleghem Van Berlo
Van Bocxlaer Van Bogaert Van Bogget
Van Boxlaer Van Brandt Van Britsom
Van Broeck Van Brussel Van Buel
Van Butsel Van Campenhout Van Cansinck
Van Carpels Van Cauteren Van Craenenbroeck
Van Dam Van Damme Van de Kamp
Van de Perre Van de Velde Van de Ven
Van de Vloet Van de Voorde Van de Walle
Van den Abeele Van den Berghe Van den Bosch
Van den Branden Van den Broeck Van Den Brucke
Van den Eeden Van den Eynde Van den Nieuwenhuyzen
Van den Wyngaert Van der Aa van der Elst
Van der Elst Van der Graf Van der Heyden
Van der Kelen Van der Linden Van der Poorten
Van der Straeten Van der Weken Van Der Wouwer
Van Dongen Van Driessche Van Duyse
Van Eetvelt Van Eyck Van Eynde
Van Garsse Van Gaver Van Gaveren
Van Geem Van Geertsom Van Geetsom
Van Geffen Van Gerrewey Van Geyte
Van Gheem Van Goethem Van Goey
Van Guyse Van Gysel Van Haelst
Van Haute Van Haver Van Havermaat
Van Herck Van Herrewegen Van Hese
Van Hoey Van Hoeywegen Van Holst
Van Hoost Van Hootegem Van Hoylandt
Van Hoyweghen Van Immerseel Van Kemseke
Van Kerckhove Van kerckhoven Van Kerckhoven
Van Laecken Van Laere Van Lancker
Van Landeghem Van Langenhove Van Lierop
Van Linden Van Marcke Van Mechelen
Van Mele Van Meygroot Van Mieghem
Van Moer Van Mullem Van Nieulande
Van Noppen Van Oppens Van Overloop
Van Overmeire Van Peteghem Van Poele
Van Poucke Van Praet Van Puymbroeck
Van Puymbrouck Van Queckelberghe Van Raemdonck
Van Ranst Van Reeth Van Remoortel
Van Remoortere Van Riet Van Rompu
Van Roost Van Rossem Van Roy
Van Royen Van Ryckheghem Van Snick
Van Stappen Van Steenbergen Van Steendam
Van Strydonck van Ullesen Van Vlem
Van Vlierberghe Van Vosselen Van Wesemael
Van Wiele Van Wolvelaer Vanderstratton
Vandervliet Vangheluwe vanhoudt
Veesaert Veldkamp Verbeeck
Verbeke Verberckmoes Verbraeken
Verbuyst Vercammen Vercauteren
Vercruysse Vereecke Vereecken
Verellen Verflieren Vergauwen
Verguts Verhaegen Verhavert
Verhille Verley Vermeiren
Vermeirsch Vermeulen Vernimmen
Verplancke Versmissen Verstraeten
Verstuyft Vertenten Vincke
Vischspoel Vlaeminck Vlyminck
Voet Vonck Waem
Wagemans Wagenaer Want
Wauman Wauters Weydeman
Weyenberg Weyn Weynacker
Wijmeersch Wilmots Woeste
Wuytack Wymeersich Wynen
Zaman Zegers Ziebosch

Belgian Names of Walloon/French Origin

Male

Anton Baudouin Erik
Hugo Ignace  

Surnames

Baudone Blaton Boffin
Bourgeois Bruinon Canderlinck
Castille Clarys Clement
Constales Courtois Crasson
De Pre Dehaene Etherlinck
Fortin Grelleir Grossard
Hennart La Motte Loix
Maeterlinck Maigret Mailleux
malisse Monami Norman
Pirenne Poiret Provost
Saive Simenon Soly
Wilmots    

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