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Finland (Suomi)

Suomi' is a shortened form of 'Suomen tasavalta' or 'Republic of Finland'.

Capital : Helsinki (Helsingfors)

Size: 131 000 sq m Popn: 5 042 000

Provinces (läänit)

Hame (Hämeen lääni), Keski-Suomen lääni, Kuopion lääni, Lappi (Lapin lääni), Mikkeli (Mikkelin lääni), Oulu (Oulun Lääni), Turun ja Porin lääni, Uudenmaan Lääni, Vaasen Lääni, Kymi (Kymen lääni), Pohjois-Karjalan lääni (Northern Carelia) Uusimaa (Uudenmaan lääni), Ahvenanmaa Islands (Ahvenanmaan maakunta)

Mikkeli, Oulu, Turku, Pori, Vaasa and Kuopio are Finnish towns with the -n ending signifying a genitive and 'lääni' being a governmental district similar to an English county. 'Lappi' is the Finnish for Lapland. The governmental districts were changed recently and there are now only five major provinces: Etelä-Suomen lääni (southern Finland), Itä-Suomen lääni (eastern Finland) Länsi-Suomen lääni (western Finland), Oulun lääni and Lapin lääni

Ahvenanmaa is a group of Swedish speaking islands whose possession was disputed by Finland and Sweden in the 1920s after Finnish independence. Finland recognises Swedish as an official language with Finnish but it is only spoken by about 6% of the population and the Swedish claim that Ahvenanmaa is culturally, historically and linguistically part of Sweden had some basis in fact but Finland would not give it up. The commonwealth of nations judged it to be part of Finland on condition that the area was demilitarised and its cultural and linguistic features were protected. Even today, owning land is almost impossible to anyone born outside Ahvenanmaa, and services available in Finnish are scarce. The people of Ahvenanmaa are exempt from military service and the Finns have no military installations on the islands. There is special legislation concerning Ahvenanmaa and it has a separate parliament with legislative power over the internal matters of the archipelago.

History

The Finnish language, along with its close neighbours, Lapp, Estonian and Karelian and more distant relatives, Vogul, Ostiak, Permian, Mordvinian and Magyar, is a survivor from the ancient Finno-Ungrian languages which had a possible Asian origin. It has been heavily influenced from the Viking era onwards by a Norse element from the neighbouring Scandinavian countries. The name 'Finland' comes from the Latin 'Fennia' which became Finland or Finmark in Swedish. The earliest known inhabitants were a nomadic people, the Lapps or Saami, who were gradually driven north by Finnic nomads from Asia from the C1st BC.

In the C12th and 13th, the area was conquered by Sweden and over the next two centuries was the scene of several battles between Sweden and Russia. Finland became a duchy of Sweden and had some autonomy, becoming a grand duchy in 1581. In 1809, during the Napoleonic wars, Russia invaded and annexed the country but nationalist feeling grew and Finland proclaimed its independence under the world's first democratically elected socialist prime minister in 1917, during the Russian revolution. The new Soviet regime tried to regain control but acknowledged Finnish independence in 1920.

The USSR invaded in 1939 after Finland rejected its request for military bases on its territory. In the 15 week Winter War, Finland was defeated and lost territory, joining Nazi Germany in attacking the USSR to try to regain it. In 1944, it agreed to a separate armistice and was forced to cede 12% of its total area and make huge war reparations. It signed the Finno-Soviet Pact of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance (the YYA Treaty) in 1948. The war reparations to the USSR amounted to 5% of the Gross Domestic Product in 1945-8 but were paid off in 1952. Finland joined the UN in 1955 and also became a member of the Nordic Council which includes Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The YYA Treaty, extended in 1955, 1970 and 1983, required Finland to repel any attack on the USSR through Finnish territory but otherwise the country maintained a policy of strict neutrality. It signed a trade agreement with the EC in 1973 and a 15 year trade agreement with the USSR in 1977 and was admitted to the Council of Europe in 1989.

There have been over 60 governments since independence, many of them minority coalitions which has led to political instability but the presidency has remained steady with only two incumbents in over thirty years. Urho Kekkonen was elected in 1956 and re-elected in 1962, 1968 and 1978. He resigned on grounds of ill-health in 1981 and in January 1982 was replaced by Mauno Koivisto who was re-elected in 1988. Coalition politics were dominated by the Social Democratic and Centre parties until the 1987 general election resulted in a coalition between the Social Democrats and their arch-enemies, the Conservatives (KOK), which forced the Centre Party into opposition. In the elections of 1991, the Centre party won 55 seats, the Social Democrats, 48, the Conservatives, 40, the Alliance of the Left, 19 and the Greens, 10. In March 1992 the Finnish government agree to apply formally for membership of the EC. The world recession and disruption of trade with the former USSR damaged the economy. The marrka was devalued and there were cutbacks in the extensive welfare system.

Finnish Religion

The ancient Finns believed that the dead bodies retained some of their former life and revered their ancestors. Death was simply a transition to Tuonela, the lands of the dead, from where the dead observed the living and might occasionally return. It was believed that the dead were able to influence the life of the living, and therefore sacrifices were made in order to keep the ancestors in a good mood. Ancestors were revered up to the ninth generation. Occasionally malignant, unrestful spirits might begin to haunt the living, and there were certain rites to repel them.

The graveyard, kalmisto (pyhä lehto, hiisi) was a sacred grove where most rituals and offerings were made. Each family had also its own special sacrificial ground, usually a tree. There were also sacrificial stones and wells. The ancient religion persisted long after Christianity had entered Finland with shamans and medicine men keeping to the old faith. There is some evidence that some ancient rites were retained up until the C9th in Carelia in addition to Christianity.

Gods

(sing. 'jumala', plur. 'jumalat')

Ukko chief growth, rain and thunder
Sämpsä Pellervoinen growth fertility
Rongoteus [Runkoteivas] rye
Virankannos oats
Ägräs peas, roots and fibre plants
Köndös agriculture
Vedenemä fishermen
Hittavainen hunting
Nyrkäs hunting
Jumala word for Christian god

Fenno-Ugric

Ilma air
Kouma goddess of death
Loviatar goddess of evil
Mader Atcha creator

Rural deities

(sing. 'haltija', pl. 'haltijat')

Tuli fire
Tapio forests
Ahti waters and fish
Maanhaltija land, soil

Household spirits

(sing. 'tonttu' pl. 'tontut')

These guarded various parts of the house and if treated with respect could bring good luck.

The Kalevala

This collection of legends and poetry was handed down orally until the nineteenth century. It may contain some folk memory of an iron-using people who lived in Finland in the first millennium B.C. as it records how Ilmarinen the smith taught the Suomalasiet (people of Suomi - then probably south-west Finland, but now the name for the whole country) how to find and work iron. The stories about the virgin Marjatta, who swallows a berry and produces a child which has a stronger magic than the wizard Väinamöinen, may refer to the beginnings of Finnish Christianity.

Ilmarinen perfomed many tasks to gain the hand of the beautiful daughter of Louhi, the evil witch who ruled the lands to the north. One of these was the building of a machine called 'Sampo' which could make grain and money from nothing continuously. Louhi's daughter still refused to marry Ilmarinen so the Kalevala heroes stole Sampo. Louhi pursued them and there was a battle in which Sampo was broken and the pieces fell into the sea.

Finnish Names

Finnish Pronunciation

The first syllable of a word is always stressed in Finnish. Long vowels are generally indicated with two letters ('tuuli' - wind). With double consonants, it may be easier to have a very small pause between syllables (Jus-si).
ä like 'a' in bad
a as in laugh
å like 'o' in more
i like 'e' in these
e like st 'e' in there
o like 'o' in holy
ö like 'u' in burn
j like 'y' in yes
ng like 'ng' in thing

Vowels

There are three types of vowels in Finnish:

back-vocals (a,o,u)

front-vocals (ä,ö,y)

neutral vocals (e,i).

Back-vocals and front-vocals cannot exist in the same word in the Finnish language. Neutral vocals can exist with either group so 'Mäkela' is a spelling mistake (ä and a in same word) but 'Mäkelä' is correct. Similarily, 'aurinköinen' or 'ayrinkoinen' would be wrong, but aurinkoinen is correct. This rule means that Finns are likely to mispronounce words of foreign origin such as Olympialaiset (Olympic Games), where there is a 'y' with back-vocals. 'Olympialaiset' is easily changed to 'Olumpialaiset' in common speech. The rule does not apply to words composed of two individual words but it applies to the component parts. For example, jääkuutio (jää - ice, kuutio - cube) is valid.

There is some similarity to Latin and other such languages, so that most forenames ending in 'a' (Marja, Katja, Laura, Elina) are feminine but this only applies to the nominative case as Finnish is a synthetic language and makes extensive use of suffixes.

Names of Finnish Origin

Male

Aalto Aapo, Aappo Aarre
Aarto Aatos Aatto
Aatu Ahti, Ahto Ahvo
Aimo Aki, Aku Albert
Ale Ali Alpi, Alpo
Altti Ano Arhippa
Arho Ari Armas
Arsi Arvi, Arvo Asko
Asmo Atro Atso
Atte Auno Auvo
Eikki Ensio Esko
Heimo Herkko Hiski
Iikka Iiri, Iiro Ilkka
Ilmari Ilmo Ilpo, Ilppo
Into Isko Ismo
Isto Jalmari Jalo
Jami Jari Jarkko, Jarko
Jarmo Jarno Jere
Jori Jouko Jouni
Jouo Juho Jukka
Juska Juuso Jyri
Jyrki Kalervo Kaleva, Kalevi
Kalle Kari, Karri Kauko
Kauno Kauto Keijo
Keimo Kerkko Kuisma
Kullervo Lalli Lyly
Mainio Manne Manu
Mies Nuutti Nyyrikki
Oiva Okko Onni
Orvo Osmo Otso
Panu Pasi Pellervo
Pirkka Pyry Raimo
Rami Rauno Reima
Reino Reko, Reku Sakari
Saku Sampo Samppa
Santeri Santtu Seppo
Sipi Sippo Soini
Sulevi Sulho, Sulo Tahvo
Taisto Taito Tapio
Tarmo Tarvo Tatu
Teemu Teijo Tenho
Teppo Terho, Terjo, Tero Teuvo
Toimi Touko Turkka
Turo Tuukka Tuure
Ukko Uljas Untamo
Unto Uolevi Uoti
Urho Urmas Urpo
Uuno Väinämö Väinö
Valio, Valo Veijo Veikko, Veiko
Veini Veli Vesa, Visa
Voitto Ylermi Yrjänä

Female

Aamu Aija Aila, Aili
Aina, Aini Ainikki Aino
Aira, Airi Alli Ansa
Arja Armi Asla
Asta Auli, Aulikki Eija
Eila Eine, Eini Eira
Enni Erja Erkka
Heini Hellevi, Helvi Helmi - angel
Heta Hilkka Hilla, Hille, Hilja
Hillevi Hilma Ilma, Ilmi, Ilmatar
Ilta Immi Impi
Inari Inka Inkeri
Irja Iro Jatta
Kaino Kanerva Kastehelmi
Kielo Kukka - 'flower' Kylli, Kyllikki
Lahja Laina Lemmikki
Lempi - love Lumi, Lumikki Lyyli
Maiju Maikki Maila, Maili, Mailis
Maini Manta Marjatta
Marjo Marjukka Marjut
Mattila Meeri, Meri, Merja Mervi
Mielikki Miia, Mia Miimu
Milja, Milla Mimmi Minttu
Mira, Mirja Mirka, Mirkka Mirva
Oili Oivi Onerva
Orvokki Osma Outi
Pälvi Pilvi Pinja
Pirita, Piritta Pulmu Raija
Raila, Raili Raisa Raita
Rauha Rauna, Rauni Reija
Riina Ritva Roine
Ruusu Saana Saija
Saila Saima, Saimi Saini
Sanelma Sanna, Sanni, Sani Satu
Seija Selja Senja
Senni Siiri Sini, Sinikka
Sirja Sirke, Sirkka, Sirkku Sirpa
Sisko - sister Sivi Sohvi
Soila, Soile, Soili Sointu Solja
Sorja Suila Suoma - Finland
Suometar Suvi Taija
Taimi Taina Talvikki
Tarja Taru Teija
Tellervo Terhikki, Terhi Terttu
Titta Toivo - hope Tuija
Tuire Tuomi Tuovi
Tutta, Tuttu Tuukka Tuula, Tuuli, Tuulia, Tuulikki
Tuure Tyni, Tyyne, Tyyni Tytti
Ulpu Unelma Uolevi
Usko - faith Uula Valma
Valpuri Vanamo Vappu
Varma Varpu Vaula
Vellamo Venla Viena, Vieno
Virpi Virva, Virve Vuokko

Neeme

Soile

Finnish Names of Biblical Origin

Male

Given Name and Variants Meaning
Aapeli Abel
Aaro Aaron
Aatami Adam
Akseli Axel/Absalom
Antero, Antti, Antto Andrew
Asser Asher
Benjamin  
Eliel  
Eljas Elias
Esa Isaiah
Esaias Isaias
Hannu, Hanni, Hannes, Jani, Janne Johannes, Juhana, Juhani, Juha, Jussi, Joni, Jonne, Jonni John
Iisakki Isaac
Immanuel, Immo Emmanuel
Jaakkima, Joakim Joachim
Jaakko, Jaakoppi Jaakob Jacob
Jesperi, Kasperi Jaspar/Caspar
Jesse  
Joel  
Joona Jonah
Joonas Jonas
Joonatan Jonathan
Joosef, Jooseppi Joseph
Jousia Josiah
Kaapo, Kaappo, Kaapro Gabriel
Kristian, Kristo Christian
Leevi Levi
Markku, Marko, Markus Mark/Marcus
Matti, Mato, Matias Matthew/Matthias
Mikko, Mikka, Miika, Miika, Mika, Mikael Michael
Niilo, Launo, Niklas, Niko, Niku Nicholas
Nikodemus Nicodemus
Paavo, Paavali, Pauli, Päiviö Päivö Paul
Perttu, Pertti Bartholomew
Pietari, Petteri, Petri, Pekka, Pekko Peter
Raafael Raphael
Risto Christopher
Ruupeni, Ruupo, Ruuppo Reuben
Salomon, Salomo Solomon
Sampsa Samson
Samuli, Sami, Samu Samuel
Saul, Sauli Saul
Simo Simon
Taavi, Daavid, Taaveti Taavetti David
Taneli Daniel
Tapani, Tapio Stephen
Timo Timothy
Topi, Topias Toby, Tobias
Tuomo, Tuomas, Tommi, Tomi Thomas

Female

Given Name and Variants Meaning
Anita, Anitta, Anja, Anneli, Anne, Ana, Anni Anniina, Annika, Annikka, Annikki, Annukka Anu Annu Anne
Eeva, Eevi Eva
Eliisa, Elisa, Elisabet, Elsa, Else, Elsi, Elsie, Elsy, Liisa, Liisi, Liisu Elizabeth
Ester, Esteri, Essi Esther
Hanna, Hanne, Hannele Hannah
Jaana, Janika, Jaana, Janina, Janita, Janna, Johanna, Jonna Jane/Joanna
Josefiina, Josefina Josephine
Jutta Judith
Karita, Carita Charity
Lea, Leea Leah
Maaria. Maija, Maire, Mari, Marita, Marika, Maritta, Marja Mary
Marjaana, Marianna, Marianne  
Martta Martha
Mirjam, Mirjami Miriam
Päivikki Päivi Päivä Pauliina, Paula Pauline, Paula
Petra  
Raakel Rachel
Ruut Ruth
Saara, Sarita, Sara, Sari, Salla, Salli Sarah
Salme, Selma  
Stiina Stina
Susanna  
Tiina Tina

Finnish Names of Foreign Origin

Many of these were introduced by the Swedes who ruled Finland for around seven centuries.

Male

Aadolf - Adolf Aarne, Aarni, Aarno Aleksanteri - Alexander
Aleksi, Alexi, Aleksis - Alexius Alfred Allan - Alan
Alvar, Alvi Anselmi, Anssi - Anselm Arto, Aarto Artturi, Arttu - Arthur
Aslak Albert Auli, Aulis Eelis - Ellis
Eemeli, Eemil - Emil Eetu, Edvard - Edward Eevert
Einari, Eino - Einar Elmer Elmo
Erkka Erkki, Eerikki, Eero - Eric Ernesti, Erno - Ernest Eskil - Asketill
Heikki, Henri, Henrik, Henrikki, Harri - Henry Heini, Heino Hemminki, Hemmo - Hemming
Hermanni - Herman Iivari - Ivor Iivo - Ivo
Ilari - Hilary Jorma, Jeremias - Jeremy Julius
Kaarle, Kaarlo - Charles Kai, Kaj - Kay/Gaius Kim, Kimmo
Konstantin, Konsta, Kosti Kustaa, Kustavi, Kyösti, Kusti Gösta, Gyosti - Gustav Lasse, Lassi, Lauri, Lari, Lars - Laurence
Leo Martti - Martin Mauno, Maunu - Magnus
Mauri - Maurice Nestori - Nestor Olavi - Olaf
Olli - Oliver Oskari, Okko - Oscar Ossian, Ossi - Ossian/Oisin
Otto, Ohto - Otto Patrik - Patrick Pentti - Benedict
Raine, Rainer, Raino Ransu - Francis Rauli - Ralph
Reijo - Gregory Rieti - Frederick Riku, Rikhard - Richard
Severi - Severinus Silvo - Silvius Sylvester
Tauno, Aukusti, August - Augustine, Augustus Toni, Anton - Anthony Torsti - Thorstein
Valdemar - Waldemar Valtteri, Vaalto - Walter Verneri - Werner
Vihtori - Victor Vilho, Viljo, Vili, Ville Viljami, Vilhelm - William
Vilppu - Philip Yrjo - George Mixu

Female

Aliisa - Alice Alina Alma
Amalia Amanda Anelma
Aune Auni Auno - Agnes Aurora, Aura, Auri Camilla
Disa Eleonoora, Elena, Elin, Ella, Ellen, Elli, Elina- Eleanor Elma, Elmi
Elna Elviira, Elvi - Elvira Emilia - Emily
Emma, Emmi - Emma Eveliina - Evelyn Floora - Flora
Heidi Helena, Nelli, Illona - Helen Heli, Hely, Helinä, Helga, Heljä, Helka, Hellä, Helle, Helli, Heli, Hellin
Henriikka, Henna Henni - Henrietta Hertta Hilppa - Philippa
Iida - Ida Iina - Ina Iines - Inez
Iiris - Iris Irene, Irina, Ira - Irene Irma, Irmeli
Jasmin - Jasmine Jenna, Jenni - Jenny Julia
Kaarina, Kaari Kaija Kaisa, Kaisu
Karoliina, Karoliina, Karri - Caroline Katariina, Katarina, Kati, Katja, Katriina, Katrine, Katrin, Katri, Cathrin, Cathrine, Catrin, Catrine, Chatrin, Chatrine, Trina - Katherine Kerttu, Kerttuli - Gertrude
Klaara - Clare Kristina, Kristiina, Krista, Kirsti, Kirsi - Christine Laila, Leila
Lauha Laura Leena, Leeni, Liina Lenita
Lilja, Lilli Linda Linnea, Nea, Neea
Lotta - Charlotte Loviisa - Louisa Lyydia - Lydia
Marketta, Maaret, Maarit, Margareeta, Marita - Margaret Marleena - Marlene Matilda, Tilda
Minna Niina, Nina Nikka - Nicola
Noora - Nora Olga Oona
Piia, Pia Pirkko, Pirjo, Birgitta - Bridget Reeta, Reetta, Riitta
Riika, Riikka Roosa - Rose Säde
Signe - Signy Silja - Cecily Silva, Sylvi, Sylvia - Sylvia
Sofia, Sonja - Sophie Tanja Tea, Tia, Tiia
Teresa, Tessa - Theresa Toini - Antonia Ulla - Ulrica
Ursula Veera - Vera Verna
Viivi Vilhelmiina, Vilja, Vilma - Wilhelmina  

Finnish Compound Names

Male

Ari-Matti Ari-Pekka Esa-Juha Esa-Pekka Jari-Pekka
Juha-Matti Juha-Pekka Jukka-Pekka Jussi-Pekka Martti-Pekka
Mika-Olli Oli-Pekka Simo-Pekka Tero-Matti Tero-Pekka
Tuomo-Markus Veli-Matti Vesa-Matti Ville-Pekka Ville-Veikko

Female

Anna-Kaisa Annaleena, Anna-Leena Annamari, Hanna-Mari Kirsimarja Kukka-Maria
Liisa-Maija, Marja-Liisa, Merja-Liisa Marja-Leena Marja-Riitta Mataleena Meri-Inkeri
Nina-Maarit Riita-Leena Sarianna Sirpa-Liisa Ulla-Maija

Finnish Surnames

Originally Finns had only one forename followed by a patronymic taken from the genitive form of their father's first name with the suffix 'poika' - son, or 'tytär' - daughter. For example, Jussi Pentinpoika - Jussi, Pentti's son, or Ulla Pentintytär - Ulla, Pentti's daughter.

Many family names end in either -la/-lä (Pekkala, Mäkelä) or -nen (Pekkanen, Mäkinen). The names ending with -la/lä originate from western Finland and those ending with -nen from eastern Finland. This division was clearer before WWII but when the Soviet Union conquered most of Carelia, 500 000 Carelian refugees settled in southern Finland, spreading their family names throughout the country. Suffixes and changes of word stems occur when nouns, such as names, are used in one of fifteen different cases.

Where family names contain the letters -la/lä or -(n)en near the end but not actually as an ending, they are in a case other than nominative. For example : 'Pekka(s)en' genitive or 'Mäkelä(ä)' partitive - the case suffix is bracketed. Some may be of Swedish origin.

Aaltonen Ahlapuro Ahonen
Ahoniemi Ahtisaari Aikio
Airikkala Alapassi Almila
Alvar Ankelo Annukka
Anttila Aulis Autio
Bohinen Carpelan Erkko
Esko Fisk Haapajarvi
Haapakoski Haapasalo Haavikko
Hakkarainen Hakkila Hakkinen
Hakonen Halkoato Halvari
Halvoni Hämäläinen Hämeen-Anttila
Hännenen Hannila Hanninen
Hannula Hanski Hanskki
Harikali Harjanne Harju
Harkki Harmaja Hartikainen
Hartonen Hästesko Hättönen
Hattunen Hautala Hayha
Heikkilä Heikkilä-Laakso Heinil¬
Heiramo Heiskanen Hermesniemi
Hesso Hiltunen Himanka
Hinkkanene Hirvonen Holkeri
Hollo Honka Hovi
Huhtamo Huhtinen Huopio
Huotari Hurme Hurskainen
Huttunen Hynninen Iiasalo
Ikonen Ilmonen Ilonen
Immonen Ipatti Isokoski
Isomäki Isometsae Isosomppi
Isotalo Jaas-kelainen Jaatinen
Jalkanen Jallinoja Jänne
Jarvela Jarvi Jarvilehto
Järvinen Joutsela Juhana
Juteini Jutikkala Jutila
Juusten Jyrkkiö Kaku
Kallela Kallio Kalmari
Kaltiainen Kamu Kangas
Kankkunnen Kanniainen Kantee
Kapanan Kapanen Karhu
Karila Karjalainen Karpinen
Karppinen Karsikas Karttulan
Karttunen Karvinen Karvonen
Katajarnki Katajisto Kauppinen
Kauranen Kaurismäki Keinonen
Kekkonen Kemppinen Keskitalo
Ketola Kikkunen Kiljunen
Kilpinen Kinnunen Kirvesniemi
Kivelä Kiveli Kivi
Kivikoski Kivilahti Kivimaki
Kivivuori Klami Kohvakka
Koistinen Koivisto Koivu
Koivula Koivunen Koivurinnen
Kokko Kolehmainen Kollontai
Kononen Koppala Korhonen
Korkiakangas Korpelainen Korpi
Koskela Koskinen Kotiranta
Koutaniemi Kuetari Kuhanen
Kuikkonen Kukkamo Kuusi
Kuusinen Kuusisto Kyllonen
Kytölehto Laakkonen Laaksonen
Lahtela Lahtinen Laitila
Laitinen Laituri Lajunen
Lansivuoni Länsivuori Lapio
Lappi Lappo Larva
Lassila Laukkanen Laukkinen
Laukkonen Laukkunen Laukonen
Laurikko Lavinen Lehtinen
Lehto Lehtola Lehtonen
Lehväslaiho Leino Lemminkäinen
Leskinen Lievonene Linkomies
Linna Lipponen Liukko
Loivamaa Louhi Louramo
Luhtanen Lusa Luukkonen
Lyytikäinen Lyytinen M¬ kel¬
Määttä Madetoja Mäkilä
Mäkinen Mäkitie Makkonen
Mallat Mannila Manninen
Mannisenmaki Marjaana Marjamaa
Marjo Markula Marttila
Mattila Mäyrä Merikanto
Meriluoto Merta Miettinen
Mikkola Moilanen Möttölä
Murto Mustonen Muttilainen
Myllylae Myllyniemi Näränen
Narhi Nevakivi Niemelä
Niemi Nieminen Niiranen
Nikkanen Nikkola Nimonen
Niskakangasi Niukkanen Noronen
Nousiainen Nurmela Nurmi
Nurminnen Nykanen Ojanen
Ollila Onkeli Oramo
Outinen Paakkonen Paananen
Paanenen Paasikivi Paasilinna
Paasio Paasivirta Paasivirte
Paatelainen Pakkarinen Palonen
Panula Parkkinen Parviainen
Pasanen Pekkala Pellonpaa
Peltola Peltonen Pesola
Pesonen Peurajärvi Pietarinen
Pietilä Pietilinen Pihlajamaa
Pihlavisto Piipi Piironen
Pirinen Pirnes Pöljänen
Polvinen Pontinen Pontinen
Poutanen Pöyhtäri Pulkkinen
Puputti Puttonen Puumalainen
Puurunen Pykallsto Pykkonen
Raevuori Rahkamo Rahnasto
Raikkonen Ramanen Rantamahu
Rantamäki Rantanen Räsänen
Rautiainen Reema Reini
Rekiaro Repo Ridanpaa
Riekkinen Riihivuori Riikonen
Rinnekangas Rintala Rissanen
Roine Ronkainen Rönkkö
Rouhiainen Rovanperä Ruuska
Ryti Saarenpää Saari
Saarinen Saarisalo Sala
Sallinen Salmela Salmi
Salo Salomäki Salonen
Sandemo Saraste Sari
Sariola Särkilahti Sarpaneva
Selin Serjala Sievenen
Sievinen Siilasvuo Sillanpää
Siltala Silven Sinisalo
Sinkkonen Sinkonnen Sirkiä
Sirola Sistonen Siurulainen
Siurunen Sivonen Sneck
Soimakallio Soininen Soisalo
Sulkunen Suomalainen Sutinen
Taina Taipale Taitto
Takala Talonen Talus
Talvela Tanskanen Tapaninen
Tawastjerna Teravainen Tiainen
Tiensuu Tiihonen Tiilikainen
Tikkanen Toikka Toivenen
Toiviainen Toivola Tokoi
Tormis Töyli Trulli
Tuominen Turja Turkula
Turtola Turunen Tuulari
Tykkylainen Uurainen Uusi-Hakimo
Uusitalo V¬ ¬ ra Vaarakallio
Vaaraniemi Vääräniemi Vacca
Vähätalo Vaijärvi Väinöla
Vakkuri Valkki Valtonen
Vanhala Vanpera Vanska
Vänskä Varjo Varonen
Vatanen Vataren Vatoren
Ven¬ l¬ inen Verkko Vihavainen
Viitasalo Vilkuna Virén
Virjonen Virtanen Vuorio
Waltari Weilin Wirkkala
Wuorinen Yli-Ranka  

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