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Modern English Surnames

Bynames

One of the main groups of English surnames is that which includes nicknames given to describe appearance, tastes, clothes, temper, morals etc. A lot of these have obvious meanings but those whose origins lie in Old or Middle English are more obscure.

Agnew Ankers Argent
Arlott Arlotte Armstrong
Ault Averill Ayer
Bagg Bagge Bairnsfather
Ball Ballard Barne
Barrat Barratt Barrett
Bastard Baud Beard
Beauclerk Becket Beckett
Belch Belcher Belgian
Belham Bellamy Bellmaine
Belt Bevin Bew
Bezzant Bigg Biggs
Bighead Bird Bisgood
Bismire Biss Bisset
Black Blacklock Blake
Blanchard Blanchflower Blandamore
Blank Bleakman Blessed
Blewett Bligh Blight
Blinman Bliss Blondell
Blood Blundell Blunden
Blunt Blythe Boar
Body Bold Bonamy
Bone Bonger Bonner
Bonser Boon Boss
Bossey Boutflour Bowie
Bowser Bracegirdle Bradfer
Bragg Bragge Breakspear
Bream Breese Brend
Bright Brisbane Broad
Broadfoot Broadribb Brock
Brockless Brown Browne
Browning Brownjohn Buck
Buffard Bugg Bull
Bullied Bullock Bunclarke
Bunyan Burd Burnet
Burrell Buss Butlin
Buzzard Caddow Callow
Cam Cammamile Cannard
Carless Carman Casbolt
Catt Cave Chaff
Chaffe Chant Charity
Cheek Cheever Cherry
Chick Chicken Chin
Chinn Clapp Cockbaine
Cockbill Coe Collop
Comfort Comley Conning
Coot Coote Cope
Copner Coppard Corp
Corpe Corrick Courage
Courtauld Courtenay Coy
Crane Crass Crawcour
Craze Crisp Crispe
Cruickshank Crump Cruse
Cuckow Cuff Curling
Curthose Curtin Cypher
Dagg Damson Dark
Darke Darling Dear
Deare Dearman Debney
Dent Dixey Dobell
Dodd Doe Dolittle
Dormer Douce Doughty
Dove Dowsett Drake
Drane Drinkall Drinkwater
Drury Duncalf Dunn
Dunne Dwelley Eld
Elder Evershed Fage
Fair Fairbrass Fairbrother
Fairchild Fairfax Fairfoot
Fairhead Fairman Fairweather
Falcon Fane Fant
Farr Farthing Fatt
Fauchon Fawn Fear
Fellowes Fellows Feverel
Fickle Fidge Fido
Fidoe Finch Fine
Firebrace Fish Fitch
Fitchett Flowerdew Flunder
Foljambe Follenfant Follett
Foot Fortman Fortnam
Fouweather Fowle Free
Freeborn Friend Frost
Froud Froude Fry
Frye Fuggle Fullalove
Gabb Gadd Gain
Gaine Gambrill Gamlin
Gape Garnon Garnons
Gawkrodger Gay Gaylord
Gear Gearing Gelding
Gent Gentle Gentleman
Gerrish Giddy Gigg
Gildersleeve Girle Gleave
Gleed Glew Goacher
Godsmark Gold Golden
Golightly Good Goodale
Goodbairn Goodbody Goodday
Goode Goodenough Goodfellow
Goodheart Goodlad Goodspeed
Goodyear Gook Gosling
Gotobed Gough Grand
Grealey Greathead Grice
Grill Groocock Gross
Grout Grubb Guest
Gully Gurden Hallmark
Hand Hardy Haresign
Harfoot Harlock Hart
Hawk Hawke Hendy
Hext Hoar Hoare
Hogg Holyman Idle
Jay Jaye Jucker
Keat Keate Keen
Keene Kippen Kipps
Langbain Lappin Lapping
Large Lark Larter
Laventure Lawless Lazar
Leaf Leafe Leal
Lean Leane Lebeau
Leleu Leng Leopard
Lepper Letcher Leuty
Leveson Light Lightbody
Lightfoot Lillicrop Lillywhite
Lipp Lithman Little
Littleboy Littlechild Littlejohn
Long Longfellow Longman
Longstaff Louch loud
Love Loveday Lovejoy
Lovel Lovelace Lovell
Lovitt Luff Lugg
Luttrell Lyte Maffey
Maiden Makepeace Male
Maliphant Mallard Mallory
Manley Marmion Marrow
Martyr Maufe Mauleverer
Mawditt May Maybank
Meager Meek Meeke
Meiklejohn Melk Mercy
Merriman Merrison Merry
Merryweather Metcalfe Midwinter
Mildmay Milk Minchin
Minet Miskin Mockler
Moignard Monday Morehen
Morrant Morrell Mort
Much Mudge Murch
Muskett Mutton Nares
Neam Neame Nears
Neave Neck Neep
Neighbour New Newman
Newson Nightingale Niker
Noblet Nott Odam
Old Orgill Orpet
Orpett Outlaw Palmer
Papigay Pardew Pardey
Parfett Parlabean Partridge
Passmore Paternoster Pauncefoot
Pauncefort Peabody Peacock
Peacocke Pear Peart
Peasebody Peat Peate
Peay Pee Pellew
Pelly Penny Pennyfather
Pennyfeather Pepperell Peregrine
Petch Petchey Petticrew
Pettifer Pettit Pettitt
Petty Pigg Pilgrim
Pincher Pingree Pink
Pinker Pinnock Pluckrose
Pocket Poe Poindexter
Polyblank Poor Poore
Pope Popejoy Popplestone
Portly Postle Povey
Powdrill Pratt Pretty
Prew Prickett Pride
Prime Prin Prince
Pring Proffitt Proud
Proude Proudfoot Prowse
Prudhom Prudhomme Pullan
Purcell Purchas Purchase
Purefoy Puscat Pyatt
Pye Quaintance Quant
Queen Quick Ramadge
Ramage Ramm Ramson
Rank Rathbone Raven
Rawbone Ready Redwood
Rich Rideout Ring
Roe Roebuck Rook
Rooke Root Roughead
Round Rous Rouse
Rowsell Roy Rudd
Rump Rundall Russ
Rust Ruth Sadd
Saffron Sage Saint
Savage Scaife Scammell
Scattergood Scragg Secrett
Secular Selth Sex
Shakeshaft Shakespear Shakespeare
Shank Shanks Shapeley
Sharp Sharpe Shears
Sheepshanks Shere Shergold
Sherlock Shewell Shilling
Shinn Short Shorthose
Shortman Shotbolt Shoulder
Shrapnel Shrimp Shuck
Shuker Silburn Skeat
Skeate Skegg Skipp
Skipper Sleeman Sleeper
Sleigh Smale Small
Smallbones Smart Smartman
Smele Smollett Snare
Snell Snow Snowball
Snuggs Soan Soane
Sorrel Sorrell Spark
Sparke Sparrow Sparrowhawke
Speak Speake Speakman
Spear Speare Speed
Speight Speke Spendlove
Spiller Spink Spinke
Sprackling Spray Spring
Springall Springer Springett
Sproat Sprunt Squarey
Squibb Squirrel Sriddell
Stagg Stallard Staneven
Stanfast Stark Starke
Starling Starr Startifant
Startup Steer Stern
Stiff Still Stirk
Stith Stott Stout
Strag Straight Strange
Stretch Stripling Strong
Strongitharm Stutter Suckling
Sudden Sugarwhite Supple
Swart Sweet Sweetapple
Sweeting Sweetlove Sweetman
Swift Syrop Tabard
Tait Tallemach Targett
Tazewell Tench Tepest
Tester Thick Thrush
Thrussell Tite Titler
Tod Todd Toogood
Tooth Tough Tout
Toy Toye Trant
Trapnell Treasure Tredgett
Trett Trible Tricker
Trickett Trig Trigger
Trivett Trott True
Truelove Trueman Truman
Try Tulk Turk
Turnbull Turtle Twinn
Twopence Tyson Vantage
Veal Veale Verity
Vidler Vimpany Virgin
Virgo Virgoe Vivash
Wake Wann Waple
Ware Warme Warr
Welfare Wellcome Wellfare
Werlock Wheat White
Whitefoot Whitehead Whitelegg
Whitlock Wigg Wight
Wild Wildblood Wildbore
Wilde Wilder Wildgoose
Wilding Wildman Wine
Winn Winter Wisdom
Wise Wiseman Witty
Woodcock Woodfull Woodiwiss
Wren Wrenn Wroth
Yearling Yemm Yould
Young Younge Younger
Youngman Youngmay Yule

Localities

One of the largest categories of English surnames is that of placenames - the name of a farm, village, town, county or country used to identify someone who originated there. As these can be found in any atlas they are not listed here. The following names are general ones that could indicate which part of a village one lived in or what feature was nearby. Most of these are self-explanatory but often those that look like a placename with the -am ending coming from -ham are actually ending in the Old English dative plural which would come after a lost preposition meaning 'at' or 'of'.

A'court Acum Adeane
Adrain Agate Agutter
Aldren Allaun Applegarth
Applegate Applin Armitage
Arram Ashmead Attenborough
Atterbury Atthill Attley
Attridge Attwell Attwick
Attwood Atwater Atyeo
Bail Bampfylde Banfield
Banker Bankes Banks
Barrow Barry Bencroft
Biddick Biddulph Binks
Binns Bolam Bollom
Boosey Bootham Bowley
Bradnam Bratcher Bridge
Brook Brooker Bullpen
Byrom Bysouth Bythesea
Bytheway Bywater Bywood
Capel Castle Chalk
Chapel Chappel Churchfield
Cottam Court Dale
Damerall Damerell Dash
Dashwood De La Bere De La Haye
De La Mere De La Rue Delafield
Delbridge Deller Denman
Dubois East Fell
Fenner Fielder Fielding
Flasher Flashman Flatman
Ford Forder Gardham
Gatehouse Greaves Grover
Hall Haslam Hatcher
Hayes Headlam Hilder
Hillam Hinton Holman
Hotham Jardine Kelham
Kirk Kirke Lakeman
Lascelles Lea Legh
Leigh Litham Marlow
Marshman Mayland Meadows
Meares Mottram Nash
Nayland Newnham Newsham
Noad North Oade
Peller Pitman Pitter
Pole Poles Pond
Port Pound Radnage
Ridges Roke Rowe
Sands Scorer Seales
Shedder Shields Slader
Sloman South Sowman
Statham Stather Stickler
Stokes Streeter Toner
Topper Towers Townsend
Troake Underhill Underwood
Vale Vine Waller
Welham Welles Wellman
West Whitney Wicken
Wicker Willen Willows
Wood Woods Wylam

Trade Surnames

As surnames became necessary due to the Norman habit of re-using personal names, the trade by which one earned a living became important as a means of identification. The meanings are generally self-evident, with words usually taken from French (Grosvenor - hunter) or Latin (Aurifaber - goldsmith). Some sources are less obvious than others: Bacchus - bakehouse, Kellogg - kill-hog, Plummer - leadworker. An '-s' ending indicated 'son of' while an 's' or 'x' added to some names would indicate that the original bearer was female (Webster not Webber, Brewster not Brewer).

Abbott Aguilar Alderman
Ambler Archer Arkwright
Armer Armour Arrowsmith
Ashburner Ashman Aurifaber
Ayler Bacchus Bachelor
Backer Bacon Bailey
Baker Ballester Balmer
Banister Bannerman Barber
Barker Baron Barrell
Barter Baxter Bayliss
Beamer Bean Beeman
Bellringer Belt Berryman
Bessemer Bishop Bisp
Blacker Blaker Blaxter
Blecher Bloom Bloomer
Boatswain Boatwright Bond
Bookbinder Booker Boorman
Boot Boote Boothman
Botwright Boucher Boulter
Bourchier Bowerman Bowler
Bowmaker Bowman Bowring
Bowyer Boyter Brasher
Brasseur Brayer Brazier
Brewer Brewster Bridgeman
Bridger Bridle Brownsmith
Buckler Buckman Bulger
Bullinger Bulmer Burgess
Burl Burle Burman
Bushell Buss Butcher
Butler Butner Butters
Buttery Button Cake
Cakebread Calverd Camp
Cann Cannel Cannell
Canter Caperon Capon
Capper Card Carder
Carpenter Carter Cartwright
Carver Catchpole Cater
Century Chafer Chaffer
Chalker Challender Challenger
Challinor Chalmers Chamberlain
Chambers Chancellor Chandler
Chaplin Chapman Chase
Chaucer Chauncellor Chaundler
Cheator Cheese Cheeseman
Cheesewright Chenevix Clarges
Clark Clarke Cleaver
Clerk Clothier Cloutman
Coke Collier Colthard
Coltman Conner Constable
Cook Cooke Cooper
Copestake Coppersmith Corden
Cordiner Cordwainer Corker
Costner Cotter Cotterill
Cottier Cotton Couch
Coucher Couchman Coulthard
Coultman Counter Courtiour
Cowper Coxetter Cribb
Crocker Croker Cropper
Crowther Crozier Cryer
Culpepper Cuss Cutter
Dance Dancer Day
Dayman Daymond Deacon
Deathridge Demmer Dempster
Dethewright Dexter Digweed
Diver Draper Drapper
Drawer Dray Dring
Driver Dyer Earl
Earle Ewer Faber
Falconar Falconer Falder
Falkner Farman Farmer
Farrar Farrier Faulkner
Fearon Feather Feaver
Femister Fender Fennell
Ferrier Fewster Fewtrell
Fiddler Fielder Filer
Finesilver Fisher Fisk
Fiske Fitter Flann
Flanner Flaxman Flesher
Fletcher Flinter Floater
Flower Footman Foreman
Forest Forester Forestier
Forster Fournier Fowler
Franklin Frankling Franklyn
Frater Freebody Freeland
Freeman Frere Freshwater
Frobisher Fuller Furber
Furminger Galley Galpin
Gard Gardiner Gardner
Garland Garlic Garlicke
Garnet Garnett Gaylor
Gilder Gilroy Ginger
Girdler Glaisher Glass
Glover Goatman Goldsmith
Gossard Grainger Grave
Gravenor Greensmith Grieve
Groom Groser Grosvenor
Grunsell Guild Hacker
Hansard Harper Hawker
Hayward Hensman Herd
Hewer Hine Hollier
Hollister Hooper Hopper
Horder Hornblower Horner
Hotter Hucker Hunt
Hunter Husband Hussey
Inman Iremonger Jagger
Jenner Joiner Judge
Keech Kellogg Kember
Kemp Kempe Kempster
Kew Kilner Kiss
Kisser Knight Labbett
Ladel Ladell Lander
Langcake Larbalestier Larner
Latimer Latter Lavender
Lawman Le Mare Le Patourel
Le Sueur Leach Leadbeater
Leadbetter Leadbitter Leaker
Leaper Leather Lecomber
Ledbetter Leech Legate
Limer Lister Loader
Lockhart Locksmith Lockyear
Lodder Lorimer Lusher
Luther Lymburner Machin
Maidman Malter Mangall
Mangold Marbler Marchant
Mariner Marker Marler
Marner Marshall Mason
Massinger Masters Mather
Mayer Mercer Merchant
Messenger Mew Meystre
Miller Millman Mills
Milner Minter Molyneaux
Monger Monk Mower
Moyne Mulliner Mustard
Mutter Naismith Napier
Napper Naylor Neate
Needler Nunn Nurse
Offer Officer Osler
Ostler Ostridge Otter
Oxnard Oyler Packer
Page Paget Paige
Painter Pakeman Pallister
Palmer Paniers Panter
Panther Pape Pardner
Pargeter Parker Parkman
Parmenter Paroissien Parson
Parsons Partner Patten
Pattern Pearl Pearman
Pease Peever Pegler
Pelter Pepper Peppercorn
Perrier Pestell Pester
Petcher Peutherer Physick
Pilcher Pillinger Pinder
Pinn Piper Pitman
Plater Player Pledger
Plowman Plowright Plum
Plumer Plummer Porcher
Porter Pothecary Potter
Pottinger Poulter Priest
Prince Prior Procter
Provost Punter Purser
Purves Quaif Quaife
Quarrell Quarry Quilter
Raper Rastel Rastell
Ratter Reader Redman
Reeve Renner Restler
Retter Rider Ridler
Rimmer Ringer Ripper
Roadnight Roller Roope
Roper Rover Rower
Rozier Runciman Rutter
Rymer Sacker Sadler
Sailer Salter Sanger
Sangster Sapper Sargent
Sawyer Sayer Scrimgeor
Scrimgeour Scrimshaw Scullion
Scutt Seaman Secker
Sedgman Sellar Sellars
Senior Service Sevier
Sewer Sexton Seyler
Sharman Sheather Shepherd
Sheriff Shingler Ship
Shipman Shipwright Shoesmith
Shooter Shopper Shutler
Shuttle Sievewright Sievwright
Silk Silver Silversmith
Simister Singer Sixsmith
Sizer Skinner Slater
Slaymaker Slipper Sloper
Smith Smither Smithers
Snider Sniders Soper
Spence Spencer Spender
Spice Spicer Spier
Spindler Spooner Spurrier
Squier Squiers Squires
Stainer Steadman Stearman
Steel Steele Steward
Stocker Stockfish Storer
Stringer Sucksmith Summer
Sumner Surgeon Sutler
Swingler Tabberner Taberer
Tanner Taper Tapper
Tasker Taverner Taylor
Teacher Tector Tennant
Thatcher Thaxter Theaker
Thew Threader Thresher
Thrower Tiller Tillman
Timberman Tinker Tinkler
Tisser Tisserand Todhunter
Toller Tolman Toner
Tozer Tranter Trenchard
Trencher Tricker Trinder
Tripe Trippe Tripper
Trist Trouncer Trumper
Tubman Tucker Tuckerman
Tumman Tunnah Tunnard
Tupper Turner Tyler
Ulman Usher Vavasour
Vavasseur Veck Veil
Vender Venner Verrier
Vicar Vicars Vickers
Vickery Vinter Voller
Wafer Wager Waggoner
Waghorn Waghorne Wagstaff
Wagstaffe Wain Waine
Wainman Wainwright Wait
Waite Wakeman Walker
Waller Want Ward
Warde Warden Warman
Warner Warrender Warrener
Washer Watchman Waterer
Waterman Wax Waxman
Weather Weaver Webb
Webbe Webber Webster
Wheeler Wheelwright Whistler
Whitbread Whitcher Whiter
Whitesmith Whittier Wicker
Wildsmith Woodger Woodman
Woodward Woodyer Wooler
Wooller Woolman Workman
Wort Wright Wrighte
Yeoman Younghusband  

Patronymics

A fairly large group of English surnames is formed from first names and their derivatives and diminutives. This list includes some of the most common male names at the time surnames were becoming fixed in England, and their connected surnames. The ending '-man' implied 'servant of'. These names commonly used a short diminutive to produce Gillman, Jackman, Rickman and so on. Common diminutive endings for first names were '-cock', '-kin', '-et', '-in' and '-on' but few of these are still in use except in surname forms. Double diminutives such as Hodgekin (Roger) or Simcock (Simon) are also found in surnames. The '-mough' ending signified an in-law.
First Name Surname
Abel Able, Ablett, Ablitt, Ablott
Adam Adams, Addams, Adamson, Adcock, Addison, Addy, Adkins, Aitken, Aitkens, Atkin, Atkins, Atkinson, Macadam, Acheson
Aelfgar Algar, Elgar
Alan Alcock, Allan, Allanson, Alleyn, Allinson, Allyn, Macallan
Albert Allbright
Aldous Aldis, Aldiss, Aldhouse
Aldwin Aldin, Alden
Alexander Sanders, Saunders, Sanderson, Saunderson, Sandison,
Alwin Alwin, Aylwin, Elwin
Andrew Drewitt, Dreweatt, Tancock, Anderson, Andrews, Andrewes, Dandy, Tandy
Archibald Archbell, Archbold
Arnold Arnoll, Arnot, Arnott, Arnould, Arnald, Arnall, Arnell, Arnet, Arnett
Asce Aslin, Ashlin, Asling, Acelet
Augustine Austen, Austin
Aylmer Aylmer, Amery, Elmar, Elmer, Emmerson, Emerson, Empson, Emson
Baldwin Bawden, Boden, Bodkin, Bowcott, Bowden, Bowdoin
Bardolph Bardell
Bartholomew Badcock, Badman, Bartle, Bartlet, Bartlett, Batcock, Bate, Bates, Bateman, Bateson, Batkin, Batson, Batt, Batten, Batty, Tolly, Barson, Batterson, Betterson, Bettison
Benedict Bendixson, Benn, Bennett, Benson, Bence, Bennett, Bennitt, Bennitts, Bennison, Benny
Bernard Barnard, Barnett
Bertram Bartram
Brian Briant, Bryan, Bryant, Briand, Bryanson
Christian Christie, Christison, Christy, Christian, Christin, Christine
Christopher Chrystal, Kitson, Kitt, Kitts
Clement Clemas, Clemens, Clements, Clementson, Clemms, Clempson, Clemson
Clerebold Claringbold, Clarabut
Conan Conant, Connant, Conning, Connon
Constantine Costin, Costain, Condsidine
Cuthbert Cuthbertson, Cutt, Cutts, Cutting
Daniel Daniels, Dannet, Dannson, Danson
David Dakins, Dave, Davidge, Davidson, Davie, Davies, Davitt, Davison, Davis, Daw, Dawe, Dawes, Dawkins, Dawson, Dowson, Day, Daykin, McTavish
Denis Dennett, Denniss, Dennis, Dennison, Denny, Denson, Dye, Dyson, Tennyson
Donald Donald, Donaldson, MacDonald
Durand Durant, Durrant, Durrance
Edgar Adair, Edgars, Eagers
Edmund Edman, Edmans, Edmands, Edmond, Edmonds, Edmons, Edmund, Edmunds, Edmondson
Edward Edwardes, Edwards, Edwardson, Edds, Edison
Elias Eley, Elliot, Elliott, Ellis, Ellison, Eliot, Ely
Eustace Eustes, Eustice, Eustis, Stacey
Evan Evans, Bevan, Bevin
Ewen MacEwen, MacEwan
Faramond Farrimond, Farman, Fairman, Fearman
Ferand Farrand, Farrant, Farren
Francis Francis, Franks
Fulk Faux, Fawkes, Fewkes, Folkes, Folks, Fowkes
Gamel Gamble, Gammel, Gammell, Gamlin, Gamlen, Gambling
Geoffrey Jeeves, Jeffares, Jeffcoate, Jeffcock, Jeffcote, Jeffcott, Jefferies, Jefferson, Jefferey, Jeffree, Jeffress, Jeffrey, Jeffries, Jeffs, Jephson, Jeppson, Jepson
Gerald Jerrold, Jarrold
Gerard Garrard, Garratt, Garrett, Garrod, Jarrett, Jarratt, Jarred, Jarrott, Jarraud
Gerbert Garbett, Garbutt, Garbott
Germain German, Germans, Jarman, Jermyn
Gervase Gervas, Gervis, Jarvie, Jarvis
Gilbert Gibb, Gibbard, Gibberd, Gibbin, Gibbons, Gibbs, Gibby, Gibson, Gilbart, Gilbertson, Gilbertson, Gilbey, Gilby, Gilpin, Gilson, Gipps, Gill, Magill
Godfrey Godfrey, Godfray, Godfree, Godfery
Godwin Goodwine, Godden, Goodden, Godding, Godin, Goding
Goldwin Golden, Goulden, Goulding
Gregory Greer, Gregg, Greggs, Gregson, Greig, Grier, Grierson, Grigg, Griggs, Grigson, MacGregor
Grimbald Gribble, Grimble, Grimbold, Grimble
Guiscard Whiskard, Whisker, Wiscar
Guy Guys, Guise, Guyon, Gye, Wiatt, Wyat, Wyatt
Hamo Hamblett, Hambley, Hamblin, Hamley, Hammett, Hammond, Hampson, Hamon, Hamlyn, Hamline, Hamnett, Hamson, Haim
Harvey Harvie, Harveson, Hervie, Hervey
Henry Harriman, Harris, Harrison, Hawke, Hawkins, Henderson, Hendry, Henryson, Heriot, Parry, Perry
Herman Armand, Arment, Harman, Harmon
Howel Howell, Poel, Powell
Hubert Hobart, Hubbard, Hubbert
Hugh Hewes, Hewett, Hewlett, Hewling, Hewlitt, Hewitson, Hewlet, Hewson, How, Howes, Howkins, Hows, Howson, Hudson, Huggett, Huggins, Hughes, Hullet, Hullis, Hutchence, Hutchens, Hutcheon, Hutcherson, Hutchings, Hutchins, Hutchinson, Hutchison, Hudd
Humphrey Boumphrey, Humphreys, Humphries, Humphris, Humphrys, Humpherson, Humpherus, Humphery, Pumphrey
Isaac Isaacs, Isaacson, Isacke
Ives Ive, Iveson, Ivatt, Ivatts, Ivett, Ivetts, Ivens
Jacobus Jacob, Jacobs, Jacobi, Jacoby
James Gemson, Gimson, Jameson, Jamieson, Jimpson, Fitzjames
Jeremiah Jeremiah, Jeremy, Jermine, Jermyn
John Hancock, Hankin, Hankinson, Hanson, Jacklin, Jacks, Jackson, Jaggard, Jaggs, Jakes, Jane, Janes, Janson, Jeacock, Jean, Jenkin, Jenking, Jenkins, Jenkinson, Jenks, Jenkyns, Jennens, Jennett, Jennings, Jennison, Jenyns, John, Johns, Johnson, Jones, Littlejohn, Nibbs, Nibson, Tibbs
Joscelin Goslin, Gosling, Gosse, Gosse, Joslin, Josselin, Joscelyne, Joyce, Jocelyn
Joseph Jessop, Jessope, Jessopp, Josephs, Josephson,
Julian Golland, Jalland, Julyan, Jolland
Kenrick Kenrcak, Kendrick, Kenrick, Kenwrick, Kenwright
Kenward Kennard
Lawrence Larkin, Larkings, Larkins, Laurie, Law, Lawrance, Lawrenson, Lawrie, Lawrey, Lawry, Lawson, Low, Lowrie, Lowries, Lowry, Lowrieson, Lowrison
Leofric Leverick, Leveridge, Loveridge
Leofwin Levin ,Levinson, Lewin, Livens, Living, Livings
Louis Lewes, Lewis, Lewison, Leyshon, Lowes, Lowis, Lutwidge
Luke Lockett, Lucas, Luck, Luckett, Luckin, Lukin, Luking
Mark Marcell, Mark, Marke, Marks,
Martin Martell, Martens, Martinet, Martinson, Martlet
Matthew Macey, Machin, Macy, Maddison, Makins, Makinson, Massey, Massie, Matheson, Mathieson, Matson, Matterson, Matthews, Mattin, Maycock, Mayhew, Maykin, Mayock
Maurice Morcock, Morice, Morrice, Morrish, Morriss, Morrisson, Morse, Morson
Michael Miall, Michaelson, Michaelson, Michell, Milson, Mitchell, Michieson, Michison, Mitchelson, Mielson, Miggs, Miggles, Myhill
Miles Miles, Milsom, Milson, Millett
Moses Moss, Moyce, Moyse
Nigel MacNeil, Neall, Neale, Neal, Neil, Neild, Neill, Neilson, Nell, Nelson
Nicholas Cole, Coles, Collard, Collett, Colley, Collings, Collins, Collinson, Collis, Collison, Coulson, Cowling, Nicholds, Nicholes, Nicholetts, Nicholls, Nichols, Nicholson, Nickals, Nickel, Nickells, Nickels, Nicklas, Nicklass, Nickle, Nickless, Nickold, Nickolds, Nickolls, Nickols, Nicks, Nickson, Nicol, Nicols, Nicolson, Nicolle, Nikal, Nicolas, Nixon
Noah Noy, Noyce, Noyes
Noel Nowell
Oliver Olliver, Oliverson
Osbeorn Osbern, Osborn, Osborne, Osbourn, Osbourne, Osburn
Pagan Paganel, Pain, Paine, Pannel, Payne, Paynel
Pascal Pascoe
Patrick Pate, Paterson, Paton, Pates, Patey, Patterson, Patton, Pattinson, Pattison, Pattrick, Patrickson
Paul Paul, Paulson, Poll, Pollard, Polle, Polson, Powle, Powles, Powley, Powling
Peter Parkin, Parkinson, Parks, Parr, Parrat, Parrell, Parrett, Parritt, Parrott, Pearce, Pears, Pearse, Pearson, Peers, Perkins, Perks, Perowne, Perrett, Perrin, Perring, Perrot, Person, Peters, Peterson, Pether, Pethers, Petrie, Petre, Petry, Pierce, Piers
Philip Filkins, Filson, Flippance, Phelps, Philips, Phill, Phillipson, Phillips, Philcox, Philp, Philpot, Philpotts, Phipp, Phippen, Phippin, Phipps, Potkin, Pottell, Pott, Potts
Ralph Rafe, Raff, Ralfs, Ralph, Ralphs, Rawkins, Rawle, Rawlence, Rawles, Rawlins, Rawlings, Rawlinson, Rawlison, Rawnson, Rawson
Randal Randall, Randolph, Rand, Rands, Randell, Randles, Randles, Randoll, Rankin, Ransom, Ransome
Reginald Rennell, Rennie, Rennison, Reynolds, Reynoldson
Rhys Reace, Reece, Rees, Reese, Rice, Price, Preece
Richard Diccox, Dickens, Dicks, Dickson, Dickinson, Diggins, Diggle, Diggles, Dix, Dixon, Hickie, Higgins, Higgs, Hisks, Hiskson, Hitch, Hitchcock, Hitchcoe, Hitchcott, Hitchens, Hix, Hixson, Ick, Icke, Prickett, Pritchard, Pritchett, Rickett, Ricketts, Richards, Richardson, Richie, Rick, Rickson, Rickard, Rigden, Ritchie, Rix, Rixon
Robert Dabbs, Dabbin, Dabbing, Dabbinett, Dobbie, Dob, Dobson, Dobby, Dobbyn, Hobart, Hobbs, Hobson, Hodgkinson, Hodgson, Hodkinson, Hopkins, Hopkinson,

Hotchkin, Hotchkins, Hotchkiss, Nobbs, Probert, Probyn, Rabb, Rabbatts, Rabbetts, Rabbitt, Rabbitts, Rabbs, Rapkin, Rapkins, Rapson, Rapkins, Robb, Robbie, Robens, Roberts, Robeson, Robertson, Robey, Robin, Robbins, Robinson, Robjohn, Roblett, Roblin, Robson

Roger Dodd, Dodge, Dodgeon, Dodgin, Dodgson, Dodgshun, Dodson, Hodges, Hodgeson, Hodgkinson, Hodkinson, Hodgkiss, Hodgson, Hodson, Hotchkiss, Rodgers, Rodgerson, Rogerson, Rogers, Rogett
Roland Roland, Rolands, Rolland, Rollands, Rollin, Rolling, Rollings, Rollins, Rollinson, Rowland, Rowlandson
Samson Sames, Sams, Sansam, Sansom, Sansome, Sanson, Sansun
Samuel Samwell
Serle Searl, Searle, Serrell, Sirrills
Simon Semmence, Semmens, Semmons, Sim, Simco, Simcock, Simcocks, Simcoe, Simcox, Sime, Simms, Simkin, Simkins, Simkiss, Simmen, Simmens, Simmins, Simmonds, Simmons, Simond, Simpkins, Simpkinson, Simpkiss, Simpson, Sims, Simson, Sinkin, Sinkins, Sinkinson, Symonds
Solomon Salmon, Salmond, Sammon, Sammond
Stephen Stenson, Stephens, Stephenson, Stevens, Stevenson, Stimpson, Stinson
Theobald Dibble, Dipple, Dybald, Dyball, Dybell, Dyble, Theobalds, Tebald, Tibbett, Tibbals, Tibbatts, Tibbins, Tibbits, Tibbles, Tibbotts, Tibbs, Tipp, Tippell, Tippett, Tippins, Tipping, Tipple, Tippling, Tipson
Theodore Terries, Terry, Theodore, Tudor
Thomas Tamblin, Tambling, Tamblyn, Tamlin, Tamlyn, Tampling, Thom, Thomassin, Thomason, Thomazin, Thomerson, Thomkins, Thomlin, Thomlinson, Thompkins, Thompsett, Thompson, Thomson, Tombs, Tomison, Tomkin, Tomkins, Tomlins, Tomlinson, Tompsett, Toms, Tomsett, Tonks Tonkins, Tunks
Timm Thimpson, Timblin, Times, Timm, Timmis, Timkiss, Timpson, Tims
Vincent Vince, Vincent, Vincett, Vinson, Vintcent
Walter Walters, Waters, Waterson, Watkeys, Watkies, Watking, Watkins, Watkinson, Watkiss, Watson, Watt, Watts
Wealdtheof Waddilove, Waddilow, Walthew, Waltho, Watthey
William Giham, Gilham, Gillam, Gillard, Gillett, Gillette, Gilliam, Gilliard, Gillman, Gilman, Mott, Wilcock, Wilcocke, Wilcox, Wilke, Wilkerson, Wilks, Wilkie, Wilkin, Wilkins, Wilkinson, Wilkison, Willcock, Willcocks, Willcox, Willett, Williams, Williamson, Willie, Willis, Willison, Willmitt, Willmott, Willson, Wills, Wilmot, Wilson
Wulfric Woolrich, Wooldridge, Woolridge

Matronymics

A fairly large group of English surnames is formed from first names and their derivatives and diminutives. This list includes some of the most common female names at the time surnames were becoming fixed in England, and their connected surnames. Matronymics (or metronymics) do not necessarily imply illegitimacy as a posthumous baby took its mother's name and a wife's dominating nature or more unusual name (if her husband had a very common one) might have led to her given name becoming the child's surname.

First Name Surname
Agatha Agasson, Agace, Aggas
Agnes Agg, Agget, Aggett, Anns, Annison
Amice Ames, Amies, Amis, Amison, Amiss, Aymes
Anne Anns, Annson, Annett, Annis
Aveline Aveling, Eveling, Evelyn, Eveline
Avis Aves, Avis, Avison
Barbara Babb, Babbitt, Babbs, Babcock, Bable, Barbary
Basilia Bassil, Bassill, Bazell, Basley, Basely, Bazley
Beatrice Beaton, Beatson, Beeton, Beaten, Beattie
Cassandra Case, Cash, Cass, Casson
Cecily Sisley, Sisson
Christian Christie, Christy, Christison
Clarice Claridge, Clarridge, Clardge, Clarges, Clares, Claris
Constance Cuss, Cussans, Cust, Custance
Dionisia Dwight
Dowsabel Dous, Dowse, Duce, Dewse, Dowsett, Dowsing
Edith Eade, Eadie, Eady, Eddis, Eddison, Ede, Eden, Edis, Edison
Egelina Eglon, Eglin, Eagling, Eggling
Eleanor Ellen, Ellens, Ellin, Ellings, Ellins, Ellinor, Elson
Elizabeth Bethell, Bithell
Emma Emm, Emmett, Emmott, Emms, Empson, Imm, Imms
Eve Eaves
Galiena Gallon Gallyon
Hawise Hawes, Haweis, Hawison
Idonea Edney, Idney, Iddon, Idden
Isabella Bibbey, Bibby, Bible, Ebbetts, Ibbetson, Ibbison, Ibbot, Ibbotson, Ibbs, Ibsen, Ibson, Libby, Nibbs, Niblett, Tibbs
Isolda Isard, Izant, Izard, Izatt, Izod, Izzard Izzet, Izett
Juliana Gell, Gill, Gillett, Gillot, Gilson, Jewett, Jillson, Jolyan, Jowett, Julian, Julien, Julyan
Katharine Catlin, Caton, Cattell, Cattling, Kitson, Kittson
Lettice Lett, Letts, Letson, Lettey, Letty
Mabel Mabb, Mabbitt, Mabbot, Mabbs, Mabbutt, Mabson, Mabley, Mably, Mapp, Mappin, Mapson, Mobbs
Magdalen Maddison, Maudling
Margaret Madgett, Maggs, Magson, Margerison, Margetson, Margretts, Meggeson, Meggett, Megginson, Meggison, Meggitt, Meggs, Mogg, Moggs, Moxon, Pegg, Pegge, Pegson, Poggs, Poxon
Margery Margary, Marger(i)son, Margery, Margesson, Margetson, Margetts, Margrie
Mary Malkin, Malleson, Mallett, Mallinson, Marion, Maris, Marison, Marriot, Marriott, Marrison, Marryat, Maryat, Maule, Mollison
Matilda Madison, Maude, Maudson, Mault, Mawson, Mold, Mould, Moulds, Moulson, Mould, Moult, Mowle, Till, Tillett, Tilley, Tillison, Tillotson, Tillot, Tilson
Muriel Merrall, Merrell, Merrill, Murrells
Petronella Parnall, Parnel, Parnwell, Purnell
Rosamund Rosaman, Roseman, Rosomon
Sibyl Sibbet, Sibbs, Sibley, Sibly, Sibson
Susanna Sussams

Surnames from Old English

Although some Old English or Anglo-Saxon personal names are still in use in modern times, they are more commonly retained as surnames. This indicates that the use of Saxon names had continued for some time after the Norman conquest as hereditary surnames did not become fixed until the C15th and C16th. Some have returned to personal name use through the practice of using surnames as first names.
Adlard Alflatt Allnatt
Allwright Almer Almond
Alred Alston Alvar
Alvey Alwin Ammon
Arbon Ashwin Averay
Aylward Aylwin Azo
Badrick Baldey Balding
Balman Balston Bedloe
Brightmore Brunger Brunker
Brunwin Burchard Burrage
Burward Cobbald Cutteridge
Darwin Dearman Dewdney
Eastman Eddols Eddy
Ellwood Elphee Elsegood
Elsey Elvey Elward
Erwin Freegard Freelove
Frewer Frewin Gladman
Gladwin Godbert Godhold
Godwin Goldbard Goldburg
Goldhawk Goldwin Gomer
Goodliffe Goodwin Gumbold
Gummer Halding Hulbert
Isgar Kenward Kenway
Kerrich Kinsey Lambrick
Leaves Leavey Leavins
Leavold Lemmer Lewin
Lilleyman Litwin Lovegod
Loveguard Medwin Milborrow
Ordway Orrick Osmer
Othen Outridge Quenell
Redway Seavers Sherrard
Siggers Sirett Stannard
Stidolph Trumble Utteridge
Wackrill Walwin Wennell
Whatman Whittard Wilmer
Winbolt Winbow Winmer
Winney Wolnoth Wolsey
Woolgar Wyard Wyberg
Wyman Wymer Yonwin
Youngmay    

Adlard noble-hard Alflatt elf/noble-beauty Allnatt noble-daring
Almer noble-famous Alvar elf-army Alwin noble/old-friend
Averay elf-counsel Aylwin noble-friend Badrick battle-friend
Baldey bold-combat Balman bold-protector Balston bold-stone
Bedloe command-love Brightmore fair-famous Brunger brown-spear
Brunwin brown-friend Burchard fortress-hard Burrage fortress- powerful
Burward fortress-guard Cobbald famous-bold Cutteridge famous-ruler
Darwin dear-friend Eastman grace-protection Eddols prosperity-wolf
Eddy prosperity-war Ellwood elf-ruler Elphee elf-war
Elsegood temple-god Elsey elf-victory Elvey elf-war
Erwin boar-friend Frewer free-shelter Frewin free-friend
Gladwin glad-friend Godwin good-friend Goldbard gold/bright-beard
Goldburg gold-fortress Goldhawk gold-hawk Goldwin gold-friend
Goodliffe good/God-dear Goodwin good/God-friend Gummer good/battle-famous
Hulbert gracious-bright Kenward bold/royal-guardian Kenway bold/royal-war
Kerrich family-ruler Lambrick land-bright Leavey beloved-warrior
Leavold beloved/power-ruler Lemmer people/dear-famous Lewin beloved-friend
Lilleyman little-man Litwin bright-friend Lovegod beloved-god
Loveguard beloved-spear Milborrow mild-fortress Ordway spear-warrior
Orrick spear-powerful Osmer god-fame Outridge dawn-powerful
Quenell woman-war Redway counsel-warrior Seavers sea-passage
Siggers victory-spear Stidolph hard-wolf Trumble strong-bold
Wennell joy-war Whatman brave-man Whittard elf-brave
Wilmer will-famous Winbolt friend-bold Winbow friend-bold
Winmer friend-famous Winney friend-battle Woolgar wolf-spear
Wyman war-protection Yonwin young-friend Youngmay young-servant

Top 50 Surnames

England and Wales

1 Smith
2 Jones
3 Williams
4 Brown
5 Taylor
6 Davies
7 Evans
8 Thomas
9 Roberts
10 Johnson
11 Wilson
12 White
13 Wright
14 Robinson
15 Green
16 Hall
17 Walker
18 Lewis
19 Edwards
20 Hughes
21 Turner
22 Jackson
23 Harris
24 Cooper
25 Morris
26 Martin
27 Hill
28 Baker
29 Moore
30 Clark
31 King
32 Ward
33 Morgan
34 Phillips
35 Allen
36 James
37 Lee
38 Scott
39 Watson
40 Bennett
41 Griffiths
42 Price
43 Bailey
44 Parker
45 Young
46 Richardson
47 Carter
48 Cook
49 -
50 -

 

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