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Literary Names

Song of Roland

These names are those of characters mentioned in the medieval French ‘Chanson de Roland’. I think the actual event upon which it is based was a battle between the Franks and the Basques in the C9th.

Franks

Male

Acelin Adelroth Anseis Anthelme Astor Astorge
Basan Basbrun Basile Besgun Bevon Blancandrin
Carlon Challemmeinne Challemoinne Charlemayn Clarin Dro-on
Eggihard Eginhardt Engelier Estramarin Eudropin Gaifer
Ganelon Geboin Gebun Gerier Gerin Guenes
Guinemanz Guinemat Ivon Ivor Johun Jozeran
Malabayn Malapallin Naimon Ogier Olivere Othone
Pinabel Priamon Rabel Renier Samson Tibbald
Turoldus Turpin Vivien      

Paynims/Saracens

Male

Abisme Almanzor Ambure Baligant Burel Canbeus
Capuel Chernubles Clarien Clarifant Climborin Dapamort
Escremiz Espanelis Esprevere Estorgan Faldron Floridee
Galafe Gemalfin Grandoye Jangleu Jurfaret Maelgut
Mahond Malcude Malduit Malpramis Malprimis Malquiant
Malun Marcule Marganice Margaris Marsile Marsilion
Matraien Timozel Torleu Turgis Valdebron  

Female

Bramimond/Bramimonda

Aldabella

Chaucer

The sources that Geoffrey Chaucer used for his work were many and varied. They included many classical authors, translations of more contemporary Italian writers, Biblical stories and daily life. Thus the names used reflect all these. Few of the following would have been in common use in Chaucer's England.

Male

Absolon Arcite Arrius
Arvergus Chanticleer Damian
Ganelon Laturnius Lynian
Madrian Melibee Palamon
Panaro Ronyan Topaz
Willikin    

Female

Canace Donegild Dorigen
Eglantine Emily Griselda
Hermengild Livia Lucilia
Mabel May Pertelote
Sophia Virginia  

Shakespearean Names

These names are all particularly associated with the plays of William Shakespeare. In some cases, he may have been the first to use them but many are based on existing forms.

Male

Ariel airy spirit, 'The Tempest' (Biblical placename Heb 'lion of God?') Some of these forms may be feminine as this is now quite popular as a girl's name
Aeriale Aeriel Aeriell
Aeryal Aire Aireal
Airel Airial Areli
Arial Ariale Arieal
Ariyel Arrial Arriel

Hamlet 'Hamlet, Prince of Denmark' (dim of OG 'Hamo') Oberon King of the Fairies 'A Midsummer Night's Dream (form of Aubrey?)
Auberon Auberron Oberron
Oeberon    

Othello 'Othello, The Moor of Venice' Otello Prospero exiled duke and magician 'The Tempest' (It form of Lat 'Prosperus' fortunate) Romeo son to Montague 'Romeo and Juliet' (Lat Romeus 'pilgrim to Rome')

Female

Ariel see 'Male'
Ariela Ariella Ariya
Aeriela    

Cordelia daughter of 'King Lear' (Celtic Creiryddlydd 'daughter of the sea' or Lat cor horn)
Cordae Cordaye Cordeilla
Cordett Cordette Cordey
Cordi Cordia Cordie
Cordilia Cordula Cordy
Kordelia    

Cressida Trojan princess in 'Troilus and Cressida' (Greek Khryseis, khrysos 'gold')

Desdemona 'Othello' (Greek dysdaimon 'ill-starred')

Imogen 'Cymbeline' (Celtic inghean 'girl/maiden'?)

Emogen Emogene Imogene
Imogenia Imojean Imojeen
Innogen Innogene  

Jessica daughter of Shylock 'The Merchant of Venice' (Heb Iscah/Jesca 'God beholds')
Gessica Iscah Jesca
Jescie Jesey Jesi
Jesica Jesika Jess
Jessa Jessaca Jessah
Jessca Jesscia Jesseca
Jessee Jessey Jessi
Jessia Jessicca Jessicia
Jessicka Jessie Jessieka
Jessika Jessiqua Jessique
Jessiya Jessy Jessya
Jessye Jessyka Jezeca
Jezica Jezika Jezyca
Yesica Yessica Yesyka

Juliet daughter to Capulet 'Romeo and Juliet' (dim of Julie/Julia)
Julet Julieta Juliett
Julietta Juliette Julliet
Jullietta    

Miranda daughter of Prospero 'The Tempest' (Lat mirandus 'admirable)
Maranda Maren Marenda
Marinda Meranda Minda
Mindee Mindi Mindie
Mindy Miran Miranada
Mirandia Mirinda Mirinde
Mironda Mirranda Muranda
Mya Myndy Myranda
Myrena Myria Randa
Randi    

Nerissa Portia's maid, 'The Merchant of Venice' (Greek nereis 'sea sprite/snail'?)
Narice Narissa Nerice
Nerisse Nerys Neryssa

Olivia 'Twelfth Night' (fem of Oliver or Lat oliva 'olive')
Alivia Aliviah Olia
Oliff Oliffe Oliva
Olivea Olivet Olivette
Olivia Olivianne Oliwia
Oliye Olva Olyvia

Ophelia daughter of Polonius, 'Hamlet' (Greek masc Ophelos 'helper')
Filia Ofeelia Ofelia
Ofilia Ophelie Ophilia
Phelia    

Perdita 'A Winter's Tale' (Lat perditus 'lost')
Perdida Perdy  

Portia rich heiress 'The Merchant of Venice' + wife of Brutus 'Julius Caesar' (Lat nomen Porcius porcus 'pig', infl. by 'Porsche', the make of car)
Porcha Porchai Porcsha
Porcshe Porscha Porschea
Porschia Porsha Porshai
Porshay Porshe Porshia
Portiea Pourche  

Regan daughter of 'King Lear' (influenced by Irish surname Reagan)
Reegan Reegen  

Rosalind 'As You Like It' (OG Roslindis, hros 'horse' + lind 'serpent'or 'tender')
Ros Rosaleen Rosalin
Rosalina Rosalinda Rosalinde
Rosaline Rosalyn Rosalynd
Rosalynda Rosalynde Rosalyne
Rosalynn Rosalynne Roselina
Roselind Roselyn Roselynn
Rosilyn Roslin Roslyn
Roslyne Roslynn Roz
Rozalene Rozalind Rozalyn
Rozland Rozlyn Rozyln
Rozz Rozzey Rozzi
Rozzie Rozzy  

Titania Queen of the Fairies 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' (Lat masc Titianus, dim. of Titus)
Teata Tita Titanna
Titanya Titianna Tiziana
Tytan Tytania  

Viola 'Twelfth Night' (Lat 'violet')
Viole

Other Names

These all occur as characters in the plays. Some may be invented but most are of Italian, Latin, Greek or Biblical origin. Names of historical characters from the history plays are not included.

Male

Achilles Adam Adrian
Adriano Aegeon Aeneas
Agamenon Ajax Alarbus
Alcibiades Alexander Alexas
Alonso Andrew Angelo
Antenor Antigonis Antiochus
Antipholus Antonio Apemantus
Archidamus Arviragus Autolycus
Balthasar Balthazar Banquo
Baptista Bassanio Bassanius
Belarius Benedick Benvolio
Bernardo Bertram Biondello
Biron Borachio Boyet
Brabantio Calchas Caliban
Camillo Canidius Caphis
Capulet Cassio Cerimon
Charles Chiron Claudio
Claudius Cleomenes Cleon
Cloten Conrade Corin
Cornelius Curan Curio
Curtis Cymbeline Deiphobus
Demetrius Dennis Dercetas
Diomedes Dion Dromio
Dumain Egeus Eglamour
Eros Escalus Escanes
Euphronius Fabian Ferdinand
Flavius Fleance Florizel
Fortinbras Francisco Frederick
Gonzalo Gratiano Gregory
Gremio Grumio Guiderius
Guildenstern Hector Helenus
Helicanus Holofernes Horatio
Hortensio Hortensius Iachimo
Iago Jaques Laertes
Launce Launcelot Lear
Leonardo Leonato Leonine
Leontes Lodovico Longaville
Lorenzo Lucentio Lucilius
Lucio Lucius Lucullus
Lysander Lysimachus Macaenas
Malvolio Mamillius Marcellus
Mardian Margarelon Menas
Menecrates Menelaus Mercade
Mercutio Montague Montano
Nathaniel Nestor Oliver
Orlando Orsino Osric
Pandarus Panthino Paris
Parolles Patroclus Pedro
Pericles Petruchio Philario
Philemon Philo Philostrate
Philotus Pisanio Polixenes
Polonius Priam Proculeius
Proteus Pyramus Reynaldo
Roderigo Rosencrantz Salarino
Salerio Sampson Saturninus
Sebastian Seleucus Sempronius
Servilius Shylock Silius
Silvius Simonides Solanio
Solinus Stephano Taurus
Thaliard Thersites Theseus
Thurio Thyreus Timon
Titus Toby Tranio
Trinculo Troilus Tubal
Tybalt Ulysses Valentine
Varrius Ventidius Vicentio
Vincentio Voltimand William

Mechanicals and Servants

Abhorson Bardolph Barnardine
Bottom Boult Bullcalf
Costard Dogberry Dull
Elbow Fang Feeble
Fenton Flute Froth
Mouldy Nym Peto
Pinch Pistol Poins
Quince Robin Rugby
Shadow Shallow Simple
Slender Snare Snout
Snug Speed Starveling
Touchstone Verges Wart

Female

Adriana Aemilia Andromache
Audrey Beatrice Bianca
Cassandra Celia Charmian
Cleopatra Desdemona Diana
Dionyza Doll Dorcas
Emilia Francisca Gertrude
Goneril Helen Helena
Hermia Hermione Hero
Hippolyta Iras Iris
Isabella Jaquenetta Julia
Juno Katharina Katharine
Lavinia Luce Lucetta
Luciana Lychorida Margaret
Maria Mariana Marina
Mopsa Octavia Patience
Paulina Phebe Phrynia
Rosaline Silvia Tamora
Thaisa Thisbe Timandra
Ursula Violenta  

Spirits and Fairies

Ceres Cobweb Juno
Moth Mustardseed Peaseblossom

Arthurian Legend

The story of King Arthur has its roots in Dark Age Celtic folklore: The Mabinogien, Cornish tales of Lionesse, leftover folk memories of the struggle to keep Britain civilised after the Romans left. The French Vulgate adapted it to the courtly love themes popular in medieval French poetry and Thomas Mallory's Morte d'Arthur made an attempt to codify some of the many and conflicting versions. Arthurian names therefore include pure Celtic, French adaptations of Celtic (Drustan became Tristan) and French additions (Arthur's closest companion was called Bedwyr until the French produced Lancelot).

Male

Ablamar Accolon Adragain
Adras Aelle Aellius
Aglovale Agned Agoran
Agravadain Agravain Agravaine
Agrippe Aguisel Agwisance
Aleman Aliphansin Alisander
Alphegus Amans Amant
Ambrosius Amide Amyr
Andred Andret Aneurin
Angis Anguish Aniustans
Ansirus Antor Arans
Aranz Arcaus Argius
Argustus Aries Arouz
Arrant Arriam Artos
Aselaphes Aster Astlabor
Autun Avalloch Avarloch
Avarlon Avilion Axilles
Badan Baelinans Bagdemagus
Balan Balin Ban
Bandes Barrant Baudwin
Beauvivant Bedenis Bedivere
Bedwyr Belias Beliengeres
Beliengerus Bellangere Belleus
Belliance Bellicent Bellinor
Beloc Bercilak Beri
Berin Berluse Berrant
Bertelot Bertholai Bertilak
Bienpensant Blaise Blamore
Bleise Bleoberis Bohort
Borre Bors Boudwin
Brades Bran Brandan
Brandeban Brandegoris Brandeharz
Brandelis Brandelz Brandilis
Brandus Brasias Brassias
Brastias Breunor Breuse
Brewnor Brian Brithael
Bromel Brude Brue
Brumant Brunout Budec
Cabail Cabal Cadal
Cador Caerdin Caledon
Caliburn Calles Calogienant
Calogrenant Calum Camlach
Canains Caradoc Carados
Carbarecontins Carrados Casso
Cavall Cei Ceretic
Chaleins Chanait Cian
Claellus Clarance Clariance
Clarion Clarions Claudas
Claudin Clauds Cleodalis
Clochides Coel Coineus
Colgrevance Colles Collibe
Colm Constans Constant
Corsabrin Cradelmas Cubele
Cynyn Dagonet Dalldav
Damas Dinadan Dinas
Dinias Dodinas Dodynel
Dorin Dornar Dornard
Drian Druas Drust
Drystan Duach Dubric
Dubricus Durnore Dynas
Dyonas Ector Ectorius
Edern Edyope Eian
Eleuver Elian Elias
Eliazor Eliezor Eliot
Emrys Epinegris Epinegrus
Erbin Erec Escalon
Escarans Escavalon Esclamor
Escorant Estorause Eugene
Eustace Evdeam Evelake
Ewaine Faragars Faramon
Felot Fergus Floemus
Florentin Frolle Gabran
Gaheres Gaheriet Gaheris
Gaidon Gaihom Gais
Galagars Galahad Galleron
Galofort Galogrinans Galusie
Ganhardin Garaut Gareth
Garhault Garis Garlon
Gawaine Gawan Geraint
Gereint Gheraid Gifflet
Gildas Gilloman Gingalin
Glein Gloier Gondefle
Gonemanus Gorlan Gorloise
Gorlors Gorrois Gorvenal
Gouverrail Gravadain Greidiawl
Griflet Gringamore Grip
Grisandoles Gromer Grummore
Guerin Guerrehes Gugein
Guinebas Guinemains Guinglain
Guiomar Gwari Gwenbaus
Gwenddoleu Gwestyi Gwrhydvawr
Hargodebrans Harlon Harry
Hebes Helain Helaine
Heliades Helin Hellain
Hellaine Helyan Helyes
Hemison Herlews Hermance
Hermind Hernox Hertant
Hervi Hervise Hewin
Hoel Hoell Hontzlake
Howell Huail Hue
Ider Idres Ironside
Josephe Jovelin Kadin
Kainus Kaleph Kanahins
Karhedin Kehyrdius Kenadone
Kentigern Kex Labor
Ladinas Lambegus Lamorak
Lamoroch Lancelet Lancelot
Lanceor Landaine Landoigne
Landoine Launcelot Lavaine
Leodegance Leodegran Leodegrance
Leonce Lile Lional
Lionel Llacheu Llyr
Lohot Lore Loth
Lovel Lucan Lucius
Maaglant Mador Maiales
Maines Maisil Malgrim
Malohaut Manassen Manawyd
Marant Maranz Marboar
Marboart Marcel Marganor
Margondes Marhalt Marhaus
Marric Marrok Martans
Maten Matto Mauduit
Medelant Medgaud Medraut
Meilros Meirchiawn Meleagrant
Meledisant Melehan Meliagrance
Meliagrant Meliance Melias
Meliodas Melion Meliot
Meraugis Meriadok Merlan
Merovius Miles Minadoras
Minadus Modred Moraunt
Mordrain Mordrains Mordred
Mordret Morgan Morgant
Morgian Morolt Mydnaw
Mygnach Nabon Nacien
Nanowne Narboar Narboart
Nascien Nennius Nentres
Nerovens Norgales Ogrins
Ontzlake Oriolz Orofoise
Orphelin Owain Owaine
Palamides Palomides Pandragon
Pantelion Parzival Patrice
Patrides Patrise Pedivere
Pedrog Peliandis Pellam
Pelleas Pellogris Percard
Perceval Percivale Peredur
Perenis Perimones Peris
Persant Persides Pertolepe
Petipace Petreius Petroines
Phariance Pharien Phelot
Pignores Pillaines Pinel
Plaine Plenorius Priadan
Priamus Pro Rafe
Rhuhawt Rhyhawd Rience
Rivalin Rohand Roliax
Rouland Ruan Ryons
Sadok Safere Sagramore
Saiglemair Sanam Segramour
Segwrides Selises Senehauz
Sentraille Servanus Soriandes
Sornegruex Taliesin Taliessin
Tallwch Talore Tantris
Taulard Taulas Tauleas
Terican Thoas Tirre
Tor Tradelmans Triamour
Tristan Tristram Trystan
Turquine Tydwal Ulbawes
Ulfin Ulfius Urbgen
Urgan Uriens Urre
Utha Uther Uwaine
Vadalon Vagor Valens
Varro Ventres Vertiger
Vortigern Wade Ynwl
Yon Yuaine Yvonet
Ywein    

Female

Fewer female names are given in the legends. Descriptions such as 'The Lady of the Lake' or 'The Lady of the Fountain' often occur instead, and complimentary nicknames such as 'Iseult of the White Hands' are common. French names of the Medieval period, Welsh and Celtic names would also be suitable.
Amide Angelet Anglides
Aniause Annowre Astrigis
Automne Avenable Belvine
Benigne Blanceflour Blenined
Blevine Bragwaine Brangian
Brengwain Brisen Brissen
Bun Byanne Calla
Carmelide Clarisin Claudine
Colombe Constance Criseyde
Cristina Dareca Drusilla
Elaine Eleine Elen
Elesa Elise Elmet
Elyzabel Enid Enide
Ermina Erminide Ettard
Ettare Ettarr Evaine
Felelolie Floree Florena
Florence Florencia Flur
Ganieda Ganora Gargeolais
Genievre Grainne Grizel
Guenhumara Guenhwyvar Guinevere
Gwendydd Gwenever Helaes
Helaine Heliap Hellawes
Hervise Hylin Iblis
Igerne Isabel Iseult
Isolt Isotta Isoud
Isouda Kenadona Keridwen
Laurel Leaga Lianour
Lind Linet Linit
Linnet Linnit Linnuis
Liones Lionese Lisanor
Loraine Lunete Lyonors
Lyzianor Maline Malvis
Marcia Margawse Mariagart
Mariana Mariona Marjory
Maudelene Melchia Meleas
Melicent Melusine Monenna
Mora Morgaine Morgan
Morgause Morien Nemet
Nennia Nimue Nineve
Niniane Nynyue Oligana
Oriel Ornagrine Orugle
Orvale Osanna Ozana
Ozanna Penarwen Perse
Petriana Petronilla Ragnell
Rossignol Roswitha Saraide
Sebile Seraide Seraphe
Servause Thenew Ulfine
Vanora Verrine Vivian
Viviane Wander Ygerna
Yseult Ysolde Ysonde

The Mabinogion

These stories originated amongst the Celts when the relationship between Welsh and Irish was still strong. Although by the C13th the Celtic civilisation was being superseded, the earlier sources bear evidence of oral tradition. The later ones, in which Arthur appears, show the pageantry and chivalry of the Saxon and Norman courts.

Male

Arawn Bedvyr Bleddyn
Bran Caradoc Cawder
Culhwch Cunon Doged
Donelan Dylan Evan
Evnissien Gerflett Gilvathy
Goronwy Governal Gwalkmy
Gwenlon Gwydion Havgan
Haydn Iddawc Irwerth
Ivan Kai Llew
Llewelys Lludd Llyr
Mabon Madoc Manawyddan
Math Mathonwy Mattholoch
Ogrin Orri Owen
Perinis Pryderi Pwyll
Rhonabwy Taliesin Tiernan

Female

Branwen Goewin Helen
Luned Olwen Rhiannon

J.R.R. Tolkien

Although his works are classified as fantasy, much of the backgroud has an historical basis. Most of the names are also taken from Medieval history and the languages he invented bear a close resemblance to early forms of Norse and English.

Gods

Eru, Ilúvator, Ainur - The Holy Ones

Valar - Powers Of The World

Melkor chief originally but no longer counted
Manwë (Súlimo)air/water
Ulmo water - no wife
Aulë - earth/smithMahal to the Dwarves whom he made
Oromë (Aldaron)hunter/Lord of Forests
Mandos (Námo) death, one of Fëanturi
Lórien (Irmo)dreams/gardens, brother of M-N.
Tulkas (Astaldo)strength/bravery

Valier - Queens of the Valar

Varda (Elbereth)stars, wife of M.
Yavanna (Kementari)giver of fruits, wife of A.
Nienna - mourning/wisdomsister of the Fëanturi
Estë healer, wife of L-I
Vairëweaver/fate, wife of M-N.
Vána ever-young, sister of Y, wife of O.
Nessa sister of O, wife of T.

Maiar - Helpers of the Valar

Ilmarëhandmaid of Varda
Eönwebanner-bearer/herald of Manwë
Ossëvassal of Ulmo, master of coastal seas
Uinenwife of Ossë, Lady of the Seas
Melianservant of Vána and Estë
Olórinwisest of Maiar, linked with Nienna
Ariensun's maid
Tilionmoon's servant

Enemies of the Valar

Melkor Morgoth, Dark Enemy of the World
SauronGorthaur the Cruel, servant of Melkor (originally Maiar of Aulë)

Balrogs

Gothmog

Quendi / Elves And Their Divisions

(made by Varda)
Eldar - Elves of the great journey from Cuiviénen
Avari (the Unwilling) - did not follow Oromë
Calaquendi / Elves Of Light / High Elves
VanyarFair Elves
NoldorDeep Elves
TeleriSea Elves
Moriquendi / Elves Of Darkness
Avari Úmanyar Nandor Sindar Grey Elves
Falathrim makers of ships Laiquendi Green elves

Elves

Male

Adanedhel Aegnor Agarwaen Amras Amrod
Amroth Angrod Annúminas Arminas Caranthir
Celeborn Celebrimbor Celegorm Círdan Curufin
Curufinwë Daeron Denethor Dior Eárendil
Eärendil Ecthelion Elladan Elmoth Elrohir
Elrond Elros Eluchíl Eluréd Elurín
Elwë Eöl Ereinion Erestor Fëanor
Felagund Finarfin Fingolfin Fingon Finrod
Finwë Galdor Gelmir Gil-galad Gildor
Glorfindel Guilin Gwaihir Gwindor Haldir
Huor Húrin Inglorion Ingwë Legolas
Lenwë Lindir Lómion Maedhros Maeglin
Maglor Mahtan Olwë Orodreth Rúmil
Telchar Thingol Thranduil Tuor Turambar
Turgon Úmarth Voronwë

Female

Ar-Feiniel Aredhel Arwen Berúthiel Celebrían
Celebrindal Eärwen Elbereth Elenwë Elwing
Faelivrin Finduilas Galadriel Gilthoniel Idril
Indis Lúthien Míriel Nerdanel Nimloth
Nimrodel Níniel Serindë Tinúviel Undómiel

Men / Atani / The Second People

Adan / Edain / Elf-Friends

Male

Aerandir Amlach Angrim Aradan Arthad
Balan Baragund Barahir Baran Beleg
Belegund Bëor Bereg Beren Bór
Borlach Borlad Boromir Boron Borthand
Brandir Bregolas Bregor Brodda Camlost
Cúthalion Dagnir Dairuin Erchamion Erellont
Falathar Galdor Gildor Gorlim Gorlin
Gundor Hador Haldad Haldan Haldar
Haldir Handir Hathaldir Hathol Lórindol
Magor Malach Marach Radhruin Ragnor
Tuor Túrin Uldor Ulfang Ulfast
Ulwarth Urthel

Female

Aerin Eilinel Eledhwen Emeldir Glóredhel
Haleth Lalaith Morwen Nienor Rían

Númenor / Dunedain / Westernesse

Male

Adûnakhor Amandil Anárion Ar-Gimilzor Ar-Sakalthôr
Arador Aragorn Aratan Arathorn Arvedui
Barahir Beren Ciryon Dírhael Eärendur
Eärnii Eärnur Eldarion Elendil Elendur
Gimilkhâd Hador Halbarad Herunúmen Húrin
Inziladûn Isildur Malbeth Meneldil Ohtar
Pharazôn Tar-Ancalimon Tar-Atanamir Tar-Calion Tar-Ciryatan
Tar-Elendil Tar-Minastir Tar-Minyatur Tar-Palantir Telemnar
Túrin Valandil

Female

Ar-Zimraphel Gilraen Inzilbêth Ivorwen Lindórië
Silmarien Tar-Míriel

Aragorn

Aragorn Dunadan Elessar Elfstone Estel/hope
Strider

Gondor / Minas Tirith / The Stewards

Male

Anárion Anborn Angbor Baranor Beregond
Bergil Boromir Cirion Damrod Denethor
Derufin Dervoril Duilin Duinhir Eärnur
Ecthelion Faramir Forlong Golasgil Hirgon
Hirluin Húrin Imrahil Ingold Iorlas
Mablung Mardil Perian Targon Vorondil

Female

Finduilas Ioreth      

Rohan / Rohirrim

Male

Aldor Baldor Brego Déor Déorwine
Dernhelm Dúnhere Elfhelm Éomer Éomund
Eorl Éothain Fastred Fengel Folca
Folcwine Fréa Fréalaf Fréawine Gárulf
Goldwine Gram Gríma Grimbold Guthláf
Hador Háma Harding Helm Herefara
Herubrand Horn Léofa Théoden Théodred
Threngel Walda

Female

Eowyn    

Westfold

Erkenbrand Gamling Helm    

Wild-Men

Ghan-Buri-Ghan    

Bree

Male

Barliman Bill Harry Mat Rowlie
Tom

Surnames

Appledore Butterbur Ferny Goatleaf Heathertoes
Pickthorn Ruchlight Thistlewool

Dale

Bard Bladorthin Brand Galion Girion

Dwarves

Azaghal Balin Birur Bofur Bombur
Dáin Dori Durin Dwalin Felagund
Fili Flói Frár Fundin Gimli
Gloin Ibun Kili Lóni Mim
Nain Náli Narvi Nori Oin
Ori Thorin Thrain Thror

Hobbits / Periannath / Halflings

Male

Adelard Andy Bandobas Bilbo Blanco
Bob Bungo Drogo Everard Folco
Fredegar Frodo Gerontius Gorbadoc Gorhendad
Hal Hamfast Hob Hugo Isengrim
Jolly Lotho Marcho Meriadoc Milo
Nibs Nick Nob Odo Otho
Paladin Peregrin Pippin Robin Rory
Samwise Saradoc Ted Tobold Tom
Tom Willie      

Female

Angelica Belladonna Dora Elanor Esmaralda
Goldilocks Lobelia Melilot Primula Rose

Surnames

Baggins Banks Boffin Bolger Bracegirdle
Brandybuck Brockhouse Brockhouse Burrows Chubb
Cotton Flourdumpling Gamgee Goodbody Grubb
Hayward Hornblower Longholes Maggot Mugwort
Noakes Oldbuck Proudfoot Puddifoot Sandheaver
Sandyman Smallburrow Took Tunnelly Twofoot
Underhill Whitfoot

 
Gollum Sméagol Déagol

Wizards / Istari

Gandulf the Grey
Radagast the Brown
Saruman the White/Curunír
Pallando and Alatarthe Blue

Gandalf

Elven Mithrandir
Dwarf Tharkun
West Olórin
South Incánus
North Gandalf

 
Tom BombadilFornOraldIarwain Ben-ader

Ents (Onodrim)

Male

Bregalad Fangorn Quickbeam Skinbark Treebeard

Female

CarnimíriëFimbrethilLassemista    

Orcs (Uruk-hai)

Gorbag Grishnákh Lagduf Lugdush Mauhúr
Muzgash Shagrat Snaga Uglúk

Goblins

Azog Bolg Golfimbul

Animals

Giant Spiders

Shelob Ungoliant

Horses

Arod Felaróf Firefoot Hasufel Roheryn
Shadowfax Snowmane Stybba Windfola

Dogs

Huan

Wolves

Anfauglir Carcharoth

Eagles

Gwaihir Landroval Meneldor Thorondor

Ravens

Carc Roäc

Dragons

Glaurung Smaug Chrysophylax Dives    

Swords / Weapons

Aeglos - spear Anduril Anglachel Angrist Glamdring
Grond - hammer Gurthang Gúthwinë Narsil Orcrist
Ringil Sting

Ships

Alcarondas Eärrámë Vingilot

Rings

The One Ring
The ThreeNarya (Fire), Nenya (Water), Vilya (Air)
The Seven (Dwarves)
The Nine (Men) Bearers became Nazgûl, Ringwraiths

Mitchell

Margaret Mitchell's novel 'Gone With the Wind' (1936) became one of the most successful films and provided many unusual first names became popular.

Male

Ashley?

Rhett Fem Rhetta

Female

Bonnie
Boni Bonie Bonne
Bonnee Bonnell Bonney
Bonni Bonnin Bonny

Careen sister of Scarlett

Honey

Scarlett main character 'Katie Scarlett O'Hara' (grandmother's maiden name)

Scarlet Scarlette Scarlotte
Skarlette    

Sue Ellen sister of Scarlett

Tara Irish placename 'hill' (the name of the estate in the novel)

Taira Tairra Taraea
Tarah Tarai Taralee
Tarali Taralyn Tarasa
Tarasha Taraya Tarea
Taree Tareya Tarha
Tari Taria Tarika
Tarila Tarilyn Taris
Tarisa Tarise Tarisha
Tarissa Tarita Tarna
Tarra Tarrah Taura
Tayra Teara Tearra
Tehra    

Ossian

James Macpherson (1736-96) claimed that the Ossianic poems were translations from the work of Ossian, son of the legendary Irish hero, Finn Mac Cool. The Emperor Napoleon was a keen admirer of the poems. He was godfather to several of the children of his marshall Jean Baptiste Bernadotte who became King of Norway and Sweden, giving them Ossianic names which became common in Scandinavia as a result.

Male

Oscar Irish os 'deer' + cara 'friend' (grandson of Finn)

Ossian diminutive form of os 'deer'
Oisín
Osheen

Female

Fiona Celtic fionn - 'white/fair' (pen name of romantic novelist William Sharp - Fiona Macleod)
Feona Fina Fionna

Malvina Gaelic maol-mhin 'smooth brow'
Malva Malvane Malvi
Malwine    

Morven Gaelic placename a Mhor bhairne 'at the big gap'. (Fingal's kingdom)

Morvern Selma Ossian's castle

Zelma

Other Literary Inventions

The novel became a popular literary form during the C18th and C19th Authors often chose fanciful or invented names for their characters, especially the female ones, and some became quite well-established.

Male

Cedric Sir Walter Scott, 'Ivanhoe' 1819 (based on 'Cerdic') Also FHB LLFauntleroy 1886
Ceddie Cedrick Cedrik
Keddrick Kedric Kedrick
Sedrick Zedrik  

Dorian Oscar Wilde 'The Portrait of Dorian Grey' 1891 ('from Doris')
Doran Dore Dorey
Dorie Dorien Dorin
Dorion Dorjan Doron
Dorran Dorren Dorrian
Dorrien Dorryen Dory

Orville Fanny Burney 'Evelina' 1778

Female

Amelia Henry Fielding, 'Amelia' 1751 (mixture of Emilia and Amalia)

Anitra Henrik Ibsen, 'Peer Gynt' 1867 (for an Eastern princess)

Bambi Felix Salter, 'Bambi'

Bambee Bambie Bamby

Belinda Sir John Vanbrugh 'The Provok'd Wife', 1697 (Lat bella or OG Betlindis 'snake/serpent')
Belindra Bellina Belynda
Berla Berlin Berlinda
Berline Berling Berlyn
Berlyne Berlynn Berlynne
Blenda Blinda Lindee
Lindey Lindy Lynda
Lyndee Lyndi Lynnda
Lynndaya    

Christabel Samuel Taylor Coleridge 'Christabel' 1816
Christabell Christabella Christabelle
Christable Christobella Christobelle

Clarinda Spenser 'Faerie Queene' 1596 Clarissa revived by Richardson 'Clarissa Harlowe' (diminutive of Clare)
Clairese Clairisse Clarecia
Claresa Claressa Claresta
Clarice Clarisa Clarissia
Claritza Clariza Clarizza
Clarrissa Clerissa Klarisa
Klarise Klarissa Klarisza
Klarrisa Klarysa Kleresa

Evangeline popularised? Longfellow 'Evangeline' 1848 (Lat evangelium 'gospel' from Gk euangelion 'good tidings')

Haidee Byron 'Don Juan' 1819-24 (Greek haido 'caress' or aidoios 'modest'?)

Haide Haydee Hedaya
Hydeia    

Jancis Mary Webb 'Precious Bane' 1924 (Jan + Frances?)

Janice Paul Leicester Ford 'Janice Meredith' 1899 (from 'Jane')

Genasea Genessa Genice
Genise Jahnessa Janaca
Janaesha Janece Janecia
Janees Janeesa Janeice
Janesa Janesah Janese
Janesey Janesha Janesia
Janeska Janessa Janesse
Janica Janiece Janiesa
Janiesha Janika Janique
Janis Janise Janisha
Janisia Janissa Janitza
Janizzette Jannesa Jannese
Jannesha Jannessa Jannice
Janniece Jannis Jannisa
Jannisha Jannissa Janyce
Jarniesha Jeanice Jeneca
Jenesa Jenessa Jenesse
Jenica Jenice Jenis
Jenisa Jenisee Jenisha
Jenisis Jenissa Jennese
Jennica Jennisa Jennise
Jennisha Jennissa Jennisse
Jennysa Jennyssa Jenyce
Jenysa Jenyssa Jinessa
Johnecia Johnesha Johnessa
Johnisha Johnishi Johnnessa
Johnnise Jonessa Jonice
Jonis Jonisa Jonisha
Jonyssa Jynice  

Kim Kipling 'Kim' 1901 (boy's name short for 'Kimball') or from 'Kimberley'
Kimana Kimani Kimee
Kimette Kimi Kimia
Kimme Kimmee Kimmi
Kimmie Kimmy Kimra
Kimy Kym  

Lorna R.D. Blackmore 'Lorna 'Doone' 1869 (Scottish placename 'Lorne'
Lornae Lorne Lorrna

Luana King Vidor film 'The Bird of Paradise' 1932 (a Polynesian maiden)
Luanna Luanne  

Lucinda Cervantes 'Don Quixote' 1605 (from Lucia)

Malinda from Melina?

Malin Malina Malina
Malinde Maline Malinna
Malinna Malynda  

Myra Fulke Greville (1554-1628)
Mira Mirae Mirah
Mirra    

Norma Felice Romani, libretto for Bellini's opera 'Norma' 1832

Pamela Sir Philip Sidney 1554-86 'Arcadia' (used by Samuel Richardson 'Pamela' 1740)

Pam Pama Pamala
Pamalla Pamelia Pamelina
Pamella Pamilla Pammela
Pammi Pammie Pammy
Pamula    

Romola George Eliot '(adopted from It masc 'Romolo')

Selima Thomas Gray 1716-71 (Arabic masc Selim 'peace?)

Shirley Charlotte Bronte 'Shirley' 1849 (masc. surname adaptation)

Sherileen Sherlee Sherleen
Sherlene Sherley Sherli
Sherlie Sherline Shir
Shirelle Shirl Shirlena
Shirlene Shirlee Shirlie Shirlina
Shirline Shirlly Shirly
Shirlyn Shirlynn Shurlee
Shurley    

Stella Sir Philip Sidney, C16th 'Astrophel and Stella' (Lat 'star)
Estel Estela Estele
Estelina Estelita Estell
Estella Estellina Estellita
Esthella Estrela Estrelinha
Estrell Estrella Estrelle
Estrellita Trella  

Thelma Marie Corelli, 'Thelma', 1887 (Gk thelema 'wish/act of will'?)
Thelmalina

Topsy Harriet Beecher Stowe 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (slave character)

Toppsy Topsey Topsie

Vanessa Jonathan Swift 1667-1745 (from 'Esther Vanhomrigh')
Nessa Van Vanassa Vanesa
Vanesha Vaneshia Vanesia
Vanesse Vanessia Vanessica
Vaneza Vania Vaniece
Vaniessa Vanija Vanika
Vanisa Vanisha Vanissa
Vanna Vannesa Vannessa
Vannie Vannisa Vanny
Varnessa Venecia Venesa
Venessa    

Wendy J.M. Barrie 'Peter Pan' 1904 (from 'fwendy-wendy' i.e. 'friend')
Wenda Wendaine Wendaline
Wendall Wendalyn Wendayne
Wende Wendee Wendeline
Wendella Wendelle Wendelline
Wendey Wendi Wendie
Wendye    

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